Financial threat, hardship and distress predict depression, anxiety and stress among the unemployed youths: a Bangladeshi multi-cities study

Mamun, M.A., Akter, S., Hossain, I., Faisal, M.T.H., Rahman, M.A., Arefin, A., Khan, I., Hossain, L., Haque, M.A., Hossain, S., Hossain, M., Sikder, T., Kircaburun, K. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2020. Financial threat, hardship and distress predict depression, anxiety and stress among the unemployed youths: a Bangladeshi multi-cities study. Journal of Affective Disorders. ISSN 0165-0327

[img] Text
1344400_Griffiths.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 15 July 2021.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Introduction: Unemployment has a contributory role in the development of mental health problems and in Bangladesh there is increasing unemployment, particularly among youth. Consequently, the present study investigated depression, anxiety, and stress among recent graduates in a multi-city study across the country.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 988 Bangladeshi graduate jobseekers in six major cities of the country between August to November 2019. The measures included socio-demographics and life-style factors, study and job-related information, Economic Hardship Questionnaire, Financial Threat Scale, Financial Well-Being Scale, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21.

Results: Depression, anxiety and stress rates among the present sample were 81.1% (n=801), 61.5% (n=608) and 64.8% (n=640) respectively. Factors related to gender, age, socio-economic conditions, educational background, lack of extra-curricular activities, and high screen activity were significant risk factors of depression, anxiety, and stress. Structural equation modeling indicated that (while controlling for age, daily time spent on sleep study, and social media use), financial threat was moderately positively related to depression, anxiety, and stress. Financial hardship was weakly positively associated with depression, anxiety, and stress, whereas financial wellbeing was weakly negatively associated with depression, anxiety, and stress.

Limitations: Due to the nature of the present study (i.e., cross-sectional study) and sampling method (i.e., convenience sampling), determining causality between the variables is not possible.

Conclusions: The present results emphasized the important detrimental role of financial troubles on young people's mental health by showing that financial problems among unemployed youth predict elevated psychiatric distress in both men and women.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Affective Disorders
Creators: Mamun, M.A., Akter, S., Hossain, I., Faisal, M.T.H., Rahman, M.A., Arefin, A., Khan, I., Hossain, L., Haque, M.A., Hossain, S., Hossain, M., Sikder, T., Kircaburun, K. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 15 July 2020
ISSN: 0165-0327
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.075DOI
S0165032720324721Publisher Item Identifier
1344400Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 17 Jul 2020 10:57
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2020 10:57
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/40242

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year