Impacts and potential mitigation of road mortality for hedgehogs in Europe

Moore, L.J., Petrovan, S.O., Baker, P.J., Bates, A.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-7854-5260, Hicks, H.L. ORCID: 0000-0003-1325-2293, Perkins, S.E. and Yarnell, R.W. ORCID: 0000-0001-6584-7374, 2020. Impacts and potential mitigation of road mortality for hedgehogs in Europe. Animals, 10 (9): 1523.

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Abstract

Transport infrastructure is a pervasive element in modern landscapes and continues to expand to meet the demands of a growing human population and its associated resource consumption. Road-induced mortality is often thought to be a major contributor to the marked declines of European hedgehog populations. This review synthesizes available evidence on the population-level impacts of road mortality and the threat to population viability for the five hedgehog species in Europe. Local and national studies suggest that road mortality can cause significant depletions in population sizes, predominantly removing adult males. Traffic collisions are a probable cause of fragmentation effects, subsequently undermining ecological processes such as dispersal, as well as the genetic variance and fitness of isolated populations. Further studies are necessary to improve population estimates and explicitly examine the consequences of sex- and age-specific mortality rates. Hedgehogs have been reported to use crossing structures, such as road tunnels, yet evaluations of mitigation measures for population survival probability are largely absent. This highlights the need for robust studies that consider population dynamics and genetics in response to mitigation. In light of ongoing declines of hedgehog populations, it is paramount that applied research is prioritised and integrated into a holistic spatial planning process.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Animals
Creators: Moore, L.J., Petrovan, S.O., Baker, P.J., Bates, A.J., Hicks, H.L., Perkins, S.E. and Yarnell, R.W.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 28 August 2020
Volume: 10
Number: 9
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/ani10091523DOI
1363214Other
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 10 Sep 2020 08:45
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2020 08:45
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/40657

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