Measurement, prevalence, and psychological risk factors associated with addictive food consumption: development of a new food addiction scale and evidence from a national largescale sample

Kircaburun, K., Ünübol, H., Sayar, G.H., Stavropoulos, V. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2020. Measurement, prevalence, and psychological risk factors associated with addictive food consumption: development of a new food addiction scale and evidence from a national largescale sample. Journal of Behavioral Addictions. ISSN 2062-5871

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Abstract

Background and aims: To date, a number of studies have investigated the prevalence and correlates of addictive food consumption. However, these studies have mostly relied on models that comprised a narrow range of variables in often small and heterogenous samples. The purpose of the present study was to comprehensively examine the measurement aspects, the prevalence, and the psychological correlates of addictive eating among a largescale national sample of Turkish adults.

Method: Participants (N = 24,380, 50% men, M age = 31.79 years, age range = 18–81 years) completed a battery of tests including the Food Addiction Risk Questionnaire (FARQ), the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, and the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised.

Results: According to analyses conducted, the FARQ had a uni-dimensional factor structure. Based on Item Response Theory (IRT) calculated cut-off scores, 2.3% of the participants were at risk of addictive eating patterns, whilst criteria varied in their discriminating ability. The correlates of addictive food consumption were being male, being younger, having lower education, presenting with higher alcohol use, psychiatric symptoms, alexithymia, positive/negative affect, and anxious attachment.

Conclusion: These results suggest that a minority of Turkish community are at risk for addictive food consumption and that adverse psychological states promote this problematic behavior.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Creators: Kircaburun, K., Ünübol, H., Sayar, G.H., Stavropoulos, V. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Date: 8 September 2020
ISSN: 2062-5871
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1556/2006.2020.00052DOI
1365187Other
Rights: © 2020 the author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 11 Sep 2020 10:51
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2020 10:51
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/40686

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