Genome characterisation of a novel wastewater Bacteroides fragilis bacteriophage (vB_BfrS_23) and its host GB124

Tariq, M.A., Newberry, F., Haagmans, R., Booth, C., Wileman, T., Hoyles, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-6418-342X, Clokie, M.R., Ebdon, J. and Carding, S.R., 2020. Genome characterisation of a novel wastewater Bacteroides fragilis bacteriophage (vB_BfrS_23) and its host GB124. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11: 583378. ISSN 1664-302X

[img]
Preview
Text
1371943_a1065_Hoyles.pdf - Published version

Download (11MB) | Preview

Abstract

Bacteroides spp. are part of the human intestinal microbiota but can under some circumstances become clinical pathogens. Phages are a potentially valuable therapeutic treatment option for many pathogens, but phage therapy for pathogenic Bacteroides spp. including Bacteroides fragilis is currently limited to three genome-sequenced phages. Here we describe the isolation from sewage wastewater and genome of a lytic phage, vB_BfrS_23, that infects and kills B. fragilis strain GB124. Transmission electron microscopy identified this phage as a member of the Siphoviridae family. The phage is stable when held at temperatures of 4 and 60°C for 1 h. It has a very narrow host range, only infecting one host from a panel of B. fragilis strains (n = 8). Whole-genome sequence analyses of vB_BfrS_23 determined it is double-stranded DNA phage and is circularly permuted, with a genome of 48,011 bp. The genome encodes 73 putative open reading frames. We also sequenced the host bacterium, B. fragilis GB124 (5.1 Mb), which has two plasmids of 43,923 and 4,138 bp. Although this phage is host specific, its isolation together with the detailed characterization of the host B. fragilis GB124 featured in this study represent a useful starting point from which to facilitate the future development of highly specific therapeutic agents. Furthermore, the phage could be a novel tool in determining water (and water reuse) treatment efficacy, and for identifying human fecal transmission pathways within contaminated environmental waters and foodstuffs.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Frontiers in Microbiology
Creators: Tariq, M.A., Newberry, F., Haagmans, R., Booth, C., Wileman, T., Hoyles, L., Clokie, M.R., Ebdon, J. and Carding, S.R.
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Date: 23 October 2020
Volume: 11
ISSN: 1664-302X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3389/fmicb.2020.583378DOI
1371943Other
Rights: Copyright © 2020 Tariq, Newberry, Haagmans, Booth, Wileman, Hoyles, Clokie, Ebdon and Carding. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 06 Oct 2020 10:54
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2020 10:05
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/41170

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year