Social media addiction and empathy: moderating impact of personality traits among high school students

Dalvi Esfahani, M., Niknafs, A., Alaedini, Z., Barati-Ahmadabadi, H., Kuss, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-8917-782X and Ramayah, T., 2020. Social media addiction and empathy: moderating impact of personality traits among high school students. Telematics and Informatics. ISSN 0736-5853 (Forthcoming)

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Abstract

Potential addiction to social media is one of the problems that some people, especially adolescents, are facing. For this reason, many studies have been conducted in this field in recent years. There is no research investigating how empathy is associated with excessive and problematic online social media use, whilst some studies have associated social media use with empathy as the main component of social development. Hence, the purpose of this study is to examine the influences of Empathic Concern (EC) and Perspective Taking (PT) on social media addiction (SMA). Moreover, prior studies revealed that Internet addiction behavior of individuals varies according to differences in personality traits. Accordingly, impacts of EC and PT on SMA were assessed by considering differences in personality traits, which were included in the research model as moderators. To assess the research model, data collected through the distributed printed questionnaire among 592 high-school 15-18 years old students (42.1% male) were analyzed utilizing the partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) approach. The results revealed that both EC and PT significantly and negatively predict SMA. Furthermore, the moderating analysis showed that Extraversion negatively moderated the relationships between EC and SMA and PT and SMA. Further analysis revealed that while there were no differences across genders, behaviors associated with SMA were more common among students of high-income schools in contrast to low-income schools. Implications of the study are discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Telematics and Informatics
Creators: Dalvi Esfahani, M., Niknafs, A., Alaedini, Z., Barati-Ahmadabadi, H., Kuss, D.J. and Ramayah, T.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 8 October 2020
ISSN: 0736-5853
Identifiers:
NumberType
1375097Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 09 Oct 2020 10:30
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2020 16:29
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/41222

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