A systematic review of mental health literacy in Pakistan

Munawar, K., Abdul Khaiyom, J.H., Bokharey, I.Z., Park, M.S.-A. ORCID: 0000-0002-1269-6856 and Choudhry, F.R., 2020. A systematic review of mental health literacy in Pakistan. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, 12 (4): e12408. ISSN 1758-5864

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Abstract

Individual mental health has become a primary global concern. In Pakistan, the prevalence of mental health issues is still unclear, as not many studies have assessed the level of mental health literacy (MHL) in the country. This systematic review aims to bridge this gap by encouraging the early detection of mental disorders, lessening stigma, and improving help‐seeking behavior. Nine electronic databases were searched to identify empirical literature in this area. Only studies that evaluated MHL efficacy and those published in English were selected. Non‐peer reviewed articles and gray literature were excluded. From 613 studies retrieved, 59 studies met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Forty‐three of the included studies mentioned mental health outcome measures (of which only four mentioned reliability indices), 13 discussed stigma, 18 examined help‐seeking approaches to mental illness treatments, and 47 discussed mental health knowledge. Additionally, the outcome of the MHL measures had considerable heterogeneity and limited validity. Meta‐analysis was not conducted due to a lack of MHL operationalization. Besides, the measurement tools in the studies lacked consistency and standardization. This review compiled the available studies on MHL to assist researchers currently studying the various dimensions of MHL, as well as those designing new studies or investigating effective methods to increase MHL. This review highlights the need for well‐designed controlled intervention studies. Further implications for researchers, practitioners, and policymakers are mentioned.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry
Creators: Munawar, K., Abdul Khaiyom, J.H., Bokharey, I.Z., Park, M.S.-A. and Choudhry, F.R.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: December 2020
Volume: 12
Number: 4
ISSN: 1758-5864
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/appy.12408DOI
1385698Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 06 Nov 2020 14:58
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2020 10:34
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/41546

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