Comparative effectiveness of mind-body exercise versus cognitive behavioral therapy for college students with problematic smartphone use: a randomized controlled trial

Lu, C., Zou, L., Becker, B., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Yu, Q., Chen, S.-T., Demetrovics, Z., Jiao, C., Chi, X., Chen, A., Yeung, A., Liu, S. and Zhang, Y., 2020. Comparative effectiveness of mind-body exercise versus cognitive behavioral therapy for college students with problematic smartphone use: a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 22 (4), pp. 271-282. ISSN 1462-3730

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Abstract

Purpose:

The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of mind-body exercise (ME) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on addiction level and psychological well-being among college students with problematic smartphone use (PSU).

Methods: A 12-week randomized controlled study was carried out at a university in central China. A total of 95 PSU college students who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to a ME group (ME, n = 31), CBT group (CBT, n = 30), or control group (CG, n = 34). Both ME intervention and CBT, twice per week for 90 min per session, lasting for 12 weeks were administered by a certified therapist respectively. Participants in the CG group were asked to maintain their original lifestyle.

Results: A significant reduction in addiction level (p < 0.001 for ME vs. CBT; p < 0.001 for ME vs. CG), loneliness (p < 0.001 for ME vs. CG), anxiety (p < 0.001 for ME vs. CG; p < 0.001 for CBT vs. CG) was found. Only significant stress reduction was observed in ME and CBT between baseline and Week 12 (ps < 0.001).

Conclusions: ME and CBT (mainstream psychotherapy) may effectively overcome PSU of college students, and reduced the level of smartphone addiction, loneliness, anxiety, and stress. Furthermore, as a culture-specific, low-cost, and readily accessible training program with multiple components (gentle movement, anatomic alignment, mental focus, deep breathing, and meditative state of mind that is similar to mindfulness emphasizing noncompetitive, present-moment, and nonjudgmental introspective component), ME seems to be superior to CBT in terms of PSU.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health Promotion
Creators: Lu, C., Zou, L., Becker, B., Griffiths, M.D., Yu, Q., Chen, S.-T., Demetrovics, Z., Jiao, C., Chi, X., Chen, A., Yeung, A., Liu, S. and Zhang, Y.
Publisher: Tech Science Press
Date: 2020
Volume: 22
Number: 4
ISSN: 1462-3730
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.32604/ijmhp.2020.014419DOI
1397588Other
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 06 Jan 2021 14:40
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2021 14:40
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/41953

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