The relationship between smartphone addiction and musculoskeletal pain prevalence among young population: a cross-sectional study

Mustafaoglu, R., Yasaci, Z., Zirek, E., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Ozdincler, A.R., 2021. The relationship between smartphone addiction and musculoskeletal pain prevalence among young population: a cross-sectional study. The Korean Journal of Pain, 34 (1), pp. 72-81. ISSN 2005-9159

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Abstract

Background: In the literature, there have been debates as to whether smartphone use has negative effects on physical and mental health. The present study investigated the extent to which smartphone addiction impacts on musculoskeletal pain prevalence among university students.

Methods: The questionnaire consisted of three sections: demographic information, the Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS), and the modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire.

Results: A total of 249 participants were included in this cross-sectional study. The body parts that were reported with highest prevalence of musculoskeletal pain were the upper back (70.3%), neck (65.9%), and wrists/hands (68.7%). The SAS scores were correlated with duration of smartphone use on a typical day (P = 0.001), duration of owning a smartphone (P = 0.027), and musculoskeletal pain prevalence in the neck (P = 0.001), wrists/hands (P = 0.001), shoulders (P = 0.025), and upper back (P = 0.023). The SAS score was significantly associated with prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in the neck (odd ratio [OR], 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.98-1.10; P = 0.002), wrists/hands (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.97-1.09; P = 0.001), and upper back (OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.98-1.11; P = 0.033).

Conclusions: The findings indicated that the upper back, neck, and wrists/hands have a higher prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among smartphone users, particularly those with a smartphone addiction. Smartphone addiction scores were correlated with duration of smartphone use on a typical day, duration of owning smartphone, and musculoskeletal pain prevalence in the neck, wrists/hands, shoulders, and upper back.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: The Korean Journal of Pain
Creators: Mustafaoglu, R., Yasaci, Z., Zirek, E., Griffiths, M.D. and Ozdincler, A.R.
Publisher: Korean Pain Society
Date: 1 January 2021
Volume: 34
Number: 1
ISSN: 2005-9159
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3344/kjp.2021.34.1.72DOI
1397652Other
Rights: Copyright © The Korean Pain Society. All Rights Reserved. ©This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 08 Jan 2021 10:38
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2021 10:38
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/41984

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