Inspiratory flow-resistive breathing, respiratory muscle-induced systemic oxidative stress, and diaphragm fatigue in healthy humans

Briskey, D.R., Vogel, K., Johnson, M.A. ORCID: 0000-0002-8226-9438, Sharpe, G.R. ORCID: 0000-0002-4575-2332, Coombes, J.S. and Mills, D.E., 2020. Inspiratory flow-resistive breathing, respiratory muscle-induced systemic oxidative stress, and diaphragm fatigue in healthy humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 129 (1), pp. 185-193. ISSN 8750-7587

[img] Text
1344572_Johnson.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 13 July 2021.

Download (863kB)

Abstract

We questioned whether the respiratory muscles of humans contribute to systemic oxidative stress following inspiratory flow-resistive breathing, whether the amount of oxidative stress is influenced by the level of resistive load, and whether the amount of oxidative stress is related to the degree of diaphragm fatigue incurred. Eight young and healthy participants attended the laboratory for four visits on separate days. During the first visit, height, body mass, lung function, and maximal inspiratory mouth and transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdimax) were assessed. During visits 2–4, participants undertook inspiratory flow-resistive breathing with either no resistance (control) or resistive loads equivalent to 50 and 70% of their Pdimax (Pdimax50% and Pdimax70%) for 30 min. Participants undertook one resistive load per visit, and the order in which they undertook the loads was randomized. Inspiratory muscle pressures were higher (P < 0.05) during the 5th and Final min of Pdimax50% and Pdimax70% compared with control. Plasma F2-isoprostanes increased (P < 0.05) following inspiratory flow-resistive breathing at Pdimax70%. There were no increases in plasma protein carbonyls or total antioxidant capacity. Furthermore, although we evidenced small reductions in transdiapragmaic twitch pressures (PdiTW) after inspiratory flow-resistive breathing at Pdimax50% and Pdimax70%, this was not related to the increase in plasma F2-isoprostanes. Our novel data suggest that it is only when sufficiently strenuous that inspiratory flow-resistive breathing in humans elicits systemic oxidative stress evidenced by elevated plasma F2-isoprostanes, and based on our data, this is not related to a reduction in PdiTW.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Respiratory muscle induced systemic oxidative stress [running head]
Publication Title: Journal of Applied Physiology
Creators: Briskey, D.R., Vogel, K., Johnson, M.A., Sharpe, G.R., Coombes, J.S. and Mills, D.E.
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Date: July 2020
Volume: 129
Number: 1
ISSN: 8750-7587
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1152/japplphysiol.00091.2020DOI
1344572Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 22 Jan 2021 17:03
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 17:04
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42094

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year