Experiencing fear appeals as a challenge or a threat influences attainment value and academic self-efficacy

Putwain, D.W., Remedios, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-7717-6421 and Symes, W., 2015. Experiencing fear appeals as a challenge or a threat influences attainment value and academic self-efficacy. Learning and Instruction, 40, pp. 21-28. ISSN 0959-4752

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Abstract

Fear appeals are persuasive messages that highlight the negative consequences of a particular course of action. Studies have shown that attainment value and academic self-efficacy predict how fear appeals are appraised. In this study we examined how the appraisal of fear appeals might also influence subsequent attainment value and academic self-efficacy. Self-report data were collected from 1433 students in their final two years of secondary education over three waves. Findings revealed that when students saw fear appeals as a challenge attainment value and academic self-efficacy were higher. When students saw fear appeals as a threat, attainment value and academic self-efficacy were lower. These results highlight the functional importance of how fear appeals are appraised. Challenge and threat appraisals were not mere by products of attainment value or academic self-efficacy but impacted on attainment value and academic self-efficacy; variables that are likely to make a critical impact on educational progress and attainment. We conclude that initial teacher education and teacher professional development programs would benefit from enhanced interpersonal and relational-skills training to enable teachers to judge more effectively how fear appeals are appraised.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: The appraisal of fear appeals as a challenge or a threat influences a subsequent decline or increase in attainment value and academic self-efficacy
Publication Title: Learning and Instruction
Creators: Putwain, D.W., Remedios, R. and Symes, W.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: December 2015
Volume: 40
ISSN: 0959-4752
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.learninstruc.2015.07.007DOI
S0959475215300219Publisher Item Identifier
1313950Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 08 Feb 2021 09:03
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:07
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42206

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