Validation of revised reading the mind in the eyes test in the Indian (Bengali) population: a preliminary study

Bhattacharya, K., Chakrabarty, M., Dasgupta, G., Acharya, R., Chatterjee, S., Guha, P. and Belmonte, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-4633-9400, 2021. Validation of revised reading the mind in the eyes test in the Indian (Bengali) population: a preliminary study. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 63 (1), pp. 74-79. ISSN 0019-5545

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Abstract

Background: Social cognition deficits are common in clinical populations but there is a dearth of standardized social cognition assessment tools in India. Theory of mind (ToM) is an important aspect of social cognition which is often assessed with the revised reading the mind in eyes test (RMET-R). However, we do not have a statistically validated version of the test for the Indian population.

Aim: This study aims to assess the acceptability, reliability, and validity of the Bengali version of the RMET-R.

Materials and Methods: We administered the RMET-R to 23 patients with chronic schizophrenia (SCZ), 22 patients with bipolar disorder, and 104 healthy controls (HCs) to evaluate the reliability and validity of the instrument in the Indian (Bengali) population.

Results: We obtained moderate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.6) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.64, P < 0.001). Positive correlations were found between RMET-R and Wechsler picture arrangement (r = 0.60, P < 0.001), picture completion (r = 0.54, P < 0.001), and comprehension subtests (r = 0.48, P < 0.001). Patients with SCZ (M = 49.7, standard deviation [SD] = 16.5) scored significantly lower than HCs (M = 68.9, SD = 13.8) (P = 0.008; Cohen's d = 1.3) on the RMET-R. Thus this tool could discriminate patients who are reported to have Theory of Mind deficits from healthy controls.

Conclusion: The Bengali version of the RMET-R is a reliable and valid tool for assessing first-order ToM insofar as the original RMET-R measures this construct.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Creators: Bhattacharya, K., Chakrabarty, M., Dasgupta, G., Acharya, R., Chatterjee, S., Guha, P. and Belmonte, M.
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Date: 15 February 2021
Volume: 63
Number: 1
ISSN: 0019-5545
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.4103/psychiatry.indianjpsychiatry_967_20DOI
1408751Other
Rights: Indian Journal of Psychiatry is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‑NonCommercial‑ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non‑commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms. The journal does not charge for submission, processing or publication of an article.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 18 Feb 2021 15:15
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2021 15:16
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42324

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