Straddling multiple streams: focusing events, policy entrepreneurs and problem brokers in the governance of English fire and rescue services

Eckersley, P. ORCID: 0000-0001-9048-8529 and Lakoma, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-2583-3813, 2021. Straddling multiple streams: focusing events, policy entrepreneurs and problem brokers in the governance of English fire and rescue services. Policy Studies. ISSN 0144-2872 (Forthcoming)

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Abstract

Empirical studies that use the multiple streams approach often examine cases of reactive policymaking in response to 'focusing events', rather than proactive policymakers who seek to broker or construct problems that their preferred solution might address. Drawing on publicly-available debates about reforms to fire and rescue services in seven areas of England, we show how individuals within small policy subsystems may construct problems to try and convince others to support their preferred policy solution. By straddling all three streams and acting as endogenous policy entrepreneurs, policymakers and problem brokers simultaneously, we highlight how these actors can exert substantial influence over policymaking processes-although consensus within the political stream about the existence of a genuine problem is still a key factor in facilitating change. These insights allow us to introduce a more obvious power dimension and greater predictive capacity into the multiple streams approach.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Policy Studies
Creators: Eckersley, P. and Lakoma, K.
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Date: 16 February 2021
ISSN: 0144-2872
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/01442872.2021.1892620DOI
1409080Other
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 22 Feb 2021 16:33
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 16:33
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42355

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