Effect of acute football activity and physical fitness on glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in adolescents

Williams, R.A. ORCID: 0000-0002-1346-7756, Cooper, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-5219-5020, Dring, K.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-9647-3579, Hatch, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-0386-4926, Morris, J.G. ORCID: 0000-0001-6508-7897, Sunderland, C. ORCID: 0000-0001-7484-1345 and Nevill, M.E. ORCID: 0000-0003-2498-9493, 2021. Effect of acute football activity and physical fitness on glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in adolescents. Journal of Sports Sciences. ISSN 0264-0414

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Abstract

The present study examined the metabolic responses to an acute bout of football and the overall and moderating role of physical fitness on these responses, in adolescents. Thirty-six adolescents (16 girls, 20 boys; 12.6±0.5 y) completed two trials (60-min football and 60-min seated rest) separated by 7-d. Capillary blood samples were taken at baseline (60-min prior to exercise/rest), immediately, 30- and 60-min post-exercise and 30-, 60- and 120-min following a standardised lunch (1.5-, 2- and 3-h post-exercise), for the determination of blood glucose and plasma insulin concentrations. The median split of distance covered on the multi-stage fitness test was used to define high- and low-fit groups. Overall plasma insulin tAUC following lunch was lower in high-fit participants compared to low-fit (high-fit: 3784.2±1653.1 pmol·L−1x120min, low-fit: 6457.3±3290.7 pmol·L−1x120min; p<0.001), although there was no acute effect of the football session (p>0.05). Football reduced blood glucose concentration 1-h post-exercise compared to control (exercise: 3.8±0.6 mmol·L−1, rest: 4.6±0.8 mmol·L−1; p<0.001), but this was similar for the high- and low-fit participants (p>0.05). Blood glucose tAUC was not affected by exercise or physical fitness (p>0.05). These data emphasise the importance of physical fitness for metabolic health in adolescents, as well as the utility of football as a popular form of games-based activity for improving glucose regulation.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Sports Sciences
Creators: Williams, R.A., Cooper, S., Dring, K.J., Hatch, L., Morris, J.G., Sunderland, C. and Nevill, M.E.
Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Date: 11 January 2021
ISSN: 0264-0414
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/02640414.2020.1860362DOI
1424795Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jeremy Silvester
Date Added: 12 Mar 2021 15:14
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2021 14:22
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42500

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