DSM-5 pathological personality domains as vulnerability factors in predicting COVID-19-related anxiety symptoms

Zemestani, M., Babamiri, M., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Didehban, R., 2021. DSM-5 pathological personality domains as vulnerability factors in predicting COVID-19-related anxiety symptoms. Journal of Addictive Diseases. ISSN 1055-0887

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Abstract

Since the beginning of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, individuals worldwide have shown different anxiety-related reactions. Several vulnerability factors may play a role in individuals’ psychological reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Such factors include pathological personality traits which have been shown to contribute to the development of anxiety-related conditions. Consequently, the present study investigated the relationships between DSM-5 pathological personality domains and COVID-19-related anxiety symptoms. Using an online data portal, the relationships between DSM-5 pathological personality domains and COVID-19-related anxiety symptoms among a mixed university student and community sample (N = 612) were studied. The results showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between all DSM-5 pathological personality domains and COVID-19-related anxiety. The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that DSM-5 pathological personality domains explained 21% of COVID-19-related anxiety variance. Based on standardized coefficients, the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) negative affect domain had the main role in COVID-19-related anxiety. The findings suggest that pathological personality domains can be predictors in the symptoms of anxiety in a viral outbreak. The novel findings add to the literature on individual differences in domains of personality in response to pandemic situations. Implications for future clinical applications and research investigations are discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Creators: Zemestani, M., Babamiri, M., Griffiths, M.D. and Didehban, R.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date: 10 March 2021
ISSN: 1055-0887
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/10550887.2021.1889752DOI
1424893Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 16 Mar 2021 16:05
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:05
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42520

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