Energy absorption and mechanical performance of functionally graded soft–hard lattice structures

Rahman, H., Yarali, E., Zolfagharian, A., Serjouei, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-7250-4131 and Bodaghi, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0707-944X, 2021. Energy absorption and mechanical performance of functionally graded soft–hard lattice structures. Materials, 14 (6): 1366.

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Abstract

Today, the rational combination of materials and design has enabled the development of bio-inspired lattice structures with unprecedented properties to mimic biological features. The present study aims to investigate the mechanical performance and energy absorption capacity of such sophisticated hybrid soft–hard structures with gradient lattices. The structures are designed based on the diversity of materials and graded size of the unit cells. By changing the unit cell size and arrangement, five different graded lattice structures with various relative densities made of soft and hard materials are numerically investigated. The simulations are implemented using ANSYS finite element modeling (FEM) (2020 R1, 2020, ANSYS Inc., Canonsburg, PA, USA) considering elastic-plastic and the hardening behavior of the materials and geometrical non-linearity. The numerical results are validated against experimental data on three-dimensional (3D)-printed lattices revealing the high accuracy of the FEM. Then, by combination of the dissimilar soft and hard polymeric materials in a homogenous hexagonal lattice structure, two dual-material mechanical lattice statures are designed, and their mechanical performance and energy absorption are studied. The results reveal that not only gradual changes in the unit cell size provide more energy absorption and improve mechanical performance, but also the rational combination of soft and hard materials make the lattice structure with the maximum energy absorption and stiffness, in comparison to those structures with a single material, interesting for multi-functional applications.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Materials
Creators: Rahman, H., Yarali, E., Zolfagharian, A., Serjouei, A. and Bodaghi, M.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 2021
Volume: 14
Number: 6
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/ma14061366DOI
1425392Other
Rights: Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 17 Mar 2021 16:39
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 16:39
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42525

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