Methodological considerations for studies in sport and exercise science with women as participants: a working guide for standards of practice for research on women

Elliott-Sale, K.J. ORCID: 0000-0003-1122-5099, Minahan, C.L., Janse de Jonge, X.A.K., Ackerman, K.E., Sipilä, S., Constantini, N.W., Lebrun, C.M. and Hackney, A.C., 2021. Methodological considerations for studies in sport and exercise science with women as participants: a working guide for standards of practice for research on women. Sports Medicine. ISSN 0112-1642

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Abstract

Until recently, there has been less demand for and interest in female-specific sport and exercise science data. As a result, the vast majority of high-quality sport and exercise science data have been derived from studies with men as participants, which reduces the application of these data due to the known physiological differences between the sexes, specifically with regard to reproductive endocrinology. Furthermore, a shortage of specialist knowledge on female physiology in the sport science community, coupled with a reluctance to effectively adapt experimental designs to incorporate female-specific considerations, such as the menstrual cycle, hormonal contraceptive use, pregnancy and the menopause, has slowed the pursuit of knowledge in this field of research. In addition, a lack of agreement on the terminology and methodological approaches (i.e., gold-standard techniques) used within this research area has further hindered the ability of researchers to adequately develop evidenced-based guidelines for female exercisers. The purpose of this paper was to highlight the specific considerations needed when employing women (i.e., from athletes to non-athletes) as participants in sport and exercise science-based research. These considerations relate to participant selection criteria and adaptations for experimental design and address the diversity and complexities associated with female reproductive endocrinology across the lifespan. This statement intends to promote an increase in the inclusion of women as participants in studies related to sport and exercise science and an enhanced execution of these studies resulting in more high-quality female-specific data.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Sports Medicine
Creators: Elliott-Sale, K.J., Minahan, C.L., Janse de Jonge, X.A.K., Ackerman, K.E., Sipilä, S., Constantini, N.W., Lebrun, C.M. and Hackney, A.C.
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Date: 16 March 2021
ISSN: 0112-1642
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s40279-021-01435-8DOI
1426050Other
Rights: © The Author(s) 2021
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Lee Houghton
Date Added: 19 Mar 2021 18:02
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:05
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42549

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