Re-examination of Oostenbroek et al. (2016): evidence for neonatal imitation of tongue protrusion

Meltzoff, A.N., Murray, L., Simpson, E., Heimann, M., Nagy, E., Nadel, J., Pedersen, E.J., Brooks, R., Messinger, D.S., Pascalis, L.D., Subiaul, F., Paukner, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-3421-1864 and Ferrari, P.F., 2018. Re-examination of Oostenbroek et al. (2016): evidence for neonatal imitation of tongue protrusion. Developmental Science, 21 (4): e12609. ISSN 1363-755X

[img]
Preview
Text
1427506_Paukner.pdf - Post-print

Download (465kB) | Preview

Abstract

The meaning, mechanism, and function of imitation in early infancy have been actively discussed since Meltzoff and Moore's (1977) report of facial and manual imitation by human neonates. Oostenbroek et al. (2016) claim to challenge the existence of early imitation and to counter all interpretations so far offered. Such claims, if true, would have implications for theories of social‐cognitive development. Here we identify 11 flaws in Oostenbroek et al.'s experimental design that biased the results toward null effects. We requested and obtained the authors’ raw data. Contrary to the authors’ conclusions, new analyses reveal significant tongue‐protrusion imitation at all four ages tested (1, 3, 6, and 9 weeks old). We explain how the authors missed this pattern and offer five recommendations for designing future experiments. Infant imitation raises fundamental issues about action representation, social learning, and brain–behavior relations. The debate about the origins and development of imitation reflects its importance to theories of developmental science.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Developmental Science
Creators: Meltzoff, A.N., Murray, L., Simpson, E., Heimann, M., Nagy, E., Nadel, J., Pedersen, E.J., Brooks, R., Messinger, D.S., Pascalis, L.D., Subiaul, F., Paukner, A. and Ferrari, P.F.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: July 2018
Volume: 21
Number: 4
ISSN: 1363-755X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/desc.12609DOI
1427506Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jeremy Silvester
Date Added: 26 Mar 2021 15:43
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:05
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42611

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year