Maternal mental health and child well-being in Nigeria: a systematic review

Jidong, D.E. ORCID: 0000-0001-5034-0335, Husain, N., Ike, T.J., Murshed, M., Pwajok, J.Y., Roche, A., Karick, H., Dagona, Z.K., Karuri, G.S., Francis, C., Mwankon, S.B. and Nyam, P.P., 2021. Maternal mental health and child well-being in Nigeria: a systematic review. Health Psychology Open, 8 (1).

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Abstract

Maternal mental health distress has a disease burden of severe adverse effects for both mother and child. This review identified maternal mental health concerns, their impact on child growth and the current practice of maternal healthcare for both mothers and their children in Nigeria. The Population, phenomenon of Interest and Context (PICo) model was adopted to formulate the review strategy, and five databases were searched for published articles between 1999 and 2019. Databases include Scopus, PubMed, ProQuest, Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts and Web of Science. Boolean operators (AND/OR/NOT) helped to ensure rigorous use of search terms which include ‘maternal’, ‘pre/peri/postnatal’, ‘mental health’, ‘mental illness’, ‘disorders’, ‘intervention,’ ‘Nigeria’, ‘child’, ‘infant growth’, and ‘wellbeing’. Thirty-four studies met the inclusion criteria, and extracted data were qualitatively synthesised and analysed thematically. Five themes emerged. These include (i) marital difficulties, (ii) relationship status of the mother, (iii) child’s gender, (iv) mode of child delivery and (v) child growth and development. The review showed a significant paucity of literature on the impact of specific maternal mental health problems on child physical growth and cognitive development. We concluded that culturally appropriate and evidence-based psychological interventions for maternal mental health problems would benefit Nigerian indigenous mothers. Therefore, the study recommends randomised controlled trials that are culturally appropriate and cost-effective for distressed mothers with children.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Health Psychology Open
Creators: Jidong, D.E., Husain, N., Ike, T.J., Murshed, M., Pwajok, J.Y., Roche, A., Karick, H., Dagona, Z.K., Karuri, G.S., Francis, C., Mwankon, S.B. and Nyam, P.P.
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Date: 2021
Volume: 8
Number: 1
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1177/20551029211012199DOI
1430704Other
Rights: © The Author(s) 2021. Creative Commons CC BY: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 13 Apr 2021 10:08
Last Modified: 04 May 2021 09:13
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42696

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