Compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA) of phthalates and non-targeted 1 isotope analysis (NTIA) of SPE-extractable organic carbon in dilute aquatic 2 environments 3

Fiedziukiewicz, M. and Hanley, Q. ORCID: 0000-0002-8189-9550, 2021. Compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA) of phthalates and non-targeted 1 isotope analysis (NTIA) of SPE-extractable organic carbon in dilute aquatic 2 environments 3. Environmental Advances, 4: 100050. ISSN 2666-7657

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Abstract

Isotope ratio analysis of total organic carbon (TOC) is well-established for the study of rivers, lakes, and oceans. Similarly, these aquatic systems are routinely surveyed to quantify natural and anthropogenic organic compounds and pollutants, including such things as pharmaceuticals, illicit drugs, and phthalates. We merged these two approaches to demonstrate compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA) on four phthalate esters and non-targeted isotope analysis (NTIA) on a gas chromatography isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-IRMS) platform. Water from the Rivers Foss and Trent and a waste water treatment plant (WWTP) effluent was sampled, followed by solid phase extraction (SPE) and GC-IRMS. Di–ethyl hexyl phthalate (DEHP) concentration in the effluent was 0.20 µg/L while it was 0.22 µg/L and 0.14 µg/L in the Trent and Foss Rivers, respectively. CSIA δ 13 C values for selected phthalates measured in river and effluent samples ranged from -24.3‰ to -28.8‰. NTIA returned over 100 compounds which in aggregate aligned well with published values for isotope analysis of TOC. NTIA demonstrated that the volatile SPE-extractable fraction of TOC has high heterogeneity with δ 13 C from –26.8‰ to – 44.3‰ for matched compounds in both rivers. GC-IRMS can be applied to dilute environmental systems using both compound specific and non-targeted strategies.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Environmental Advances
Creators: Fiedziukiewicz, M. and Hanley, Q.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: July 2021
Volume: 4
ISSN: 2666-7657
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.envadv.2021.100050DOI
1433435Other
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 23 Apr 2021 14:30
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2021 08:52
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42757

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