Orthographic knowledge and clue-word facilitated spelling in children with developmental language disorder

Williams, G. ORCID: 0000-0001-7689-1231, Larkin, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-8690-1111, Rose, N., Whittaker, E., Roeser, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-4463-0923 and Wood, C. ORCID: 0000-0003-1492-6501, 2021. Orthographic knowledge and clue-word facilitated spelling in children with developmental language disorder. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. ISSN 1092-4388 (Forthcoming)

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Abstract

Purpose: The study investigated the orthographic knowledge and how orthographic and phonological information could support children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) to make more accurate spelling attempts.

Method: Children with DLD (N = 37) were matched with chronological age matched children (CAM) and language age matched children (LAM). These children completed specific and general orthographic knowledge tasks as well as spelling task conditions with either no clue word (pre-test), a phonological clue word, or an orthographic clue word.

Results: Children with DLD were significantly less accurate in their specific orthographic knowledge, compared with CAM children, but had similar scores for general orthographic knowledge to CAM children. DLD and both controls had significantly higher spelling scores in the orthographic clue word condition compared with a pre-test pseudo-word spelling task.

Conclusions: Children with DLD acquire the general knowledge of a written language’s orthography but, possibly through less print exposure, have less well represented word-specific orthographic knowledge. Moreover, children with DLD are able to extract the orthographic features of a clue word and employ these to produce more accurate spellings. These findings offer support for a spelling intervention approach based on orthography.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Creators: Williams, G., Larkin, R., Rose, N., Whittaker, E., Roeser, J. and Wood, C.
Publisher: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Date: 3 June 2021
ISSN: 1092-4388
Identifiers:
NumberType
1444343Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 08 Jun 2021 09:43
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2021 09:43
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/43015

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