Insight into the introduction of domestic cattle and the process of Neolithization to the Spanish region Galicia by genetic evidence

Gurke, M., Vidal-Gorosquieta, A., Pajimans, J.L.A., Wȩcek, K., Barlow, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-5532-9458, González-Fortes, G., Hartmann, S., Grandal-d’Anglade, A. and Hofreiter, M., 2021. Insight into the introduction of domestic cattle and the process of Neolithization to the Spanish region Galicia by genetic evidence. PLOS ONE, 16 (4): e0249537. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Domestic cattle were brought to Spain by early settlers and agricultural societies. Due to missing Neolithic sites in the Spanish region of Galicia, very little is known about this process in this region. We sampled 18 cattle subfossils from different ages and different mountain caves in Galicia, of which 11 were subject to sequencing of the mitochondrial genome and phylogenetic analysis, to provide insight into the introduction of cattle to this region. We detected high similarity between samples from different time periods and were able to compare the time frame of the first domesticated cattle in Galicia to data from the connecting region of Cantabria to show a plausible connection between the Neolithization of these two regions. Our data shows a close relationship of the early domesticated cattle of Galicia and modern cow breeds and gives a general insight into cattle phylogeny. We conclude that settlers migrated to this region of Spain from Europe and introduced common European breeds to Galicia.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: PLOS ONE
Creators: Gurke, M., Vidal-Gorosquieta, A., Pajimans, J.L.A., Wȩcek, K., Barlow, A., González-Fortes, G., Hartmann, S., Grandal-d’Anglade, A. and Hofreiter, M.
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Date: 28 April 2021
Volume: 16
Number: 4
ISSN: 1932-6203
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1371/journal.pone.0249537DOI
1446570Other
Rights: © 2021 Gurke et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jeremy Silvester
Date Added: 17 Jun 2021 13:24
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2021 13:24
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/43112

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