Human capital and entrepreneurial intention in deprived areas: a case study of Nottingham, UK

Zhao, Y. ORCID: 0000-0001-9750-9847, 2020. Human capital and entrepreneurial intention in deprived areas: a case study of Nottingham, UK. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Abstract

In light of the relatively poor outcomes from the policies enacted to facilitate entrepreneurship in deprived areas that are not consistent with policymakers’ expectations, this research study constitutes the importance of human capital to investigate its influence on entrepreneurial intention in deprived areas. Due to the given barriers and difficulties objectively existing in such areas, this research study points out the inapplicability of those prevalently applied theories and models that emphasize general relationships. Meanwhile, it argues that the superficiality of policymakers’ preconceptions of a vicious circle has led to various barriers identified in such areas. Therefore, this research study draws upon existing literature to create a new entrepreneurial intention model with a particular relevance to deprived areas. By combining both secondary and primary data sources, quantitative data (i.e. a largescale secondary dataset and primary data collected through a survey) has been utilized to examine the existence of relationships in the new model, whilst qualitative data has been utilized to explore deeper possibilities behind them and reveal unexpected phenomena to further enrich comprehension of the relationships relating to entrepreneurship and human capital in deprived areas.

This research study takes the first step in updating knowledge about the relationship between human capital and entrepreneurial intention in deprived areas, which can be regarded as a base for future researchers to further explore this specific field and rigorously test the new model. Moreover, a variety of bidirectional relationships between different neighbourhood mechanisms and different types of human capital found in this research study have revealed hidden factors to explain in more depth lower levels of human capital and entrepreneurship in deprived areas. In a disadvantaged environment, most importantly, this research study found local residents’ psychological barriers play a more severe and lasting role in hampering their personal, human capital and entrepreneurial development compared to the simple deficiencies in each per se. These findings provide a deeper perspective about underlying local residents’ specific demands for the government to consider adjustments to policy.

Item Type: Thesis
Description: Abridged version
Creators: Zhao, Y.
Date: September 2020
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of Yuxi Zhao (https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9750-9847). You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed to the author of the Intellectual Property Rights.
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 22 Jul 2021 12:32
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 12:32
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/43604

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