A use case of exclusive economic zone of Pakistan for wave power potential estimation

Khan, M., Khalid, A. ORCID: 0000-0001-5270-6599, Lughmani, W.A. and Khan, M.M., 2021. A use case of exclusive economic zone of Pakistan for wave power potential estimation. Ocean Engineering, 237: 109664. ISSN 0029-8018

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The demand for energy is constantly rising in developing countries. Ocean waves with continuous energy flux can contribute to universal energy production. The wave energy has its advantages of renewable, non-polluting and large storage, however, the technological solution to extract energy from oceans is still at early stages. In this paper, a strategy is devised to estimate wave power potential for a developing country. Pakistan is considered as a use case on the basis of less renewable energy share and facing energy crises. In this study, wave energy potential is estimated for power generation by excluding the sensitive areas from the exclusive economic zone. The year long significant wave height and mean wave period data set is used for the purpose. A GIS based multi-criteria overlay analysis model is implemented using different restriction and weighted factors such as ocean bathymetry, distance to ports and shoreline. The results show that average wave power is peaked at 9.15 kW/m in the summer season and 85% of Pakistan economic zone is suitable for wave farm development. The wave energy potential assessment is coupled by extractable power estimation that is worked out by assessing the performance of commercial wave energy converters in regional context.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Ocean Engineering
Creators: Khan, M., Khalid, A., Lughmani, W.A. and Khan, M.M.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: October 2021
Volume: 237
ISSN: 0029-8018
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jeremy Silvester
Date Added: 18 Aug 2021 10:00
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 03:00
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44053

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