Psychometric validation of the Indonesian version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale: personality traits predict the fear of COVID-19

Nazari, N., Safitri, S., Usak, M., Arabmarkadeh, A. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2021. Psychometric validation of the Indonesian version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale: personality traits predict the fear of COVID-19. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

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Abstract

The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health crisis that has generated fear and negative psychological consequences. The present study evaluated the validity and factor structure of Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) among a sample from the general Indonesian population. The English version of the FCV-19S was translated and back-translated into Indonesian language, followed by a pilot study. Using convenience sampling method, a total of 728 participants completed an online survey distributed on various social media platforms. The survey included the FCV-19S, personality traits (neuroticism and extraversion), Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), and the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The Indonesian FCV-19S had very good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha and McDonald's omega) and composite reliability (alpha = 0.88, omega = .86, composite reliability = .87). Maximum likelihood confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to test construct validity (χ 2 /df = 2.51, CFI = .984, SRMR = .028, PCLOSE = .15 > .05, RMSEA = .06, 90% CI [.03, .09]). As for criterion-related validity, the FCV-19S score positively correlated with the score on PHQ-9, GAD-7, negative affect, and neuroticism and negatively correlated with extraversion. Negative affect was identified as the most important predictor of the fear of COVID-19. Personality traits also predicted the fear of COVID-19. The findings provide evidence that the FCV-19S is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing fear generated by COVID-19 among a healthy Indonesian-speaking population.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Nazari, N., Safitri, S., Usak, M., Arabmarkadeh, A. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Springer
Date: 23 August 2021
ISSN: 1557-1874
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s11469-021-00593-0DOI
1463805Other
Rights: © the author(s) 2021. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 25 Aug 2021 10:40
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2021 10:40
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44082

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