Fear of COVID-19 and religious coping mediate the associations between religiosity and distress among older adults

Asgari Ghoncheh, K., Liu, C.-H., Lin, C.-Y., Saffari, M., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Pakpour, A.H., 2021. Fear of COVID-19 and religious coping mediate the associations between religiosity and distress among older adults. Health Promotion Perspectives, 11 (3), pp. 316-322. ISSN 2228-6497

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Abstract

Background: A mediation model was proposed to explain how religiosity, religious coping, and fear of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) explained anxiety and depression among older adults.

Methods: With the use of a cross-sectional design, the Integrated Health System was used to randomly invite 1000 older adults residing in Qazvin to participate in an online survey. Within the period of November 2020 to January 2021, 696 older Iranian adults (mean age=69.56years; 57.9% women) agreed to participate in the study and reported demographic information as well as measures of religiosity, fear of COVID-19, religious coping, anxiety, and depression.

Results: Religiosity had direct effects on depression (B [SE]=-0.087 [0.037]; P=0.023) but not anxiety (B [SE]=-0.063 [0.036]; P=0.072). Moreover, both fear of COVID-19 and religious coping significantly mediated the association between religiosity and anxiety (B [SE]=-0.360[0.035]; p=0.002) and that between religiosity and depression (B [SE]=-0.365 [0.034];P=0.002).

Conclusion: During the tough time of COVID-19 pandemic, religiosity and religious coping were protectors for older adults in developing good mental. Therefore, future research is needed to examine education programs that are effective for older adults to obtain correct knowledge concerning COVID-19, including the protective COVID-19 infection behaviors. Therefore, older adults may reduce their fear via their enhanced correct knowledge concerning COVID-19.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Health Promotion Perspectives
Creators: Asgari Ghoncheh, K., Liu, C.-H., Lin, C.-Y., Saffari, M., Griffiths, M.D. and Pakpour, A.H.
Publisher: Maad Rayan Publishing Company
Date: 18 August 2021
Volume: 11
Number: 3
ISSN: 2228-6497
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.34172/hpp.2021.40DOI
1475616Other
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jeremy Silvester
Date Added: 06 Oct 2021 11:01
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2021 11:01
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44322

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