The relationship between substance use disorder and gambling disorder: a nationwide longitudinal health registry study

Leino, T., Torsheim, T., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Pallesen, S., 2021. The relationship between substance use disorder and gambling disorder: a nationwide longitudinal health registry study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. ISSN 1403-4948

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Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to examine the co-morbidity and temporal relationship between substance abuse disorders (SUDs) and gambling disorder (GD).

Method: Cross-tabulated census data were retrieved from the Norwegian Patient Registry. The data included the number of patients by year of first-time incidence of GD and/or SUD diagnoses, age and sex from 2008 to 2017.

Results: Approximately 22.5% of GD patients were also diagnosed with SUD, whereas 0.7% of SUD patients were also diagnosed with GD. Among GD patients, males had a greater risk of SUD in the same year compared to females, whereas the risk of SUD a year or more after the onset of GD was greater among females compared to males. Among SUD patients, males had a greater risk of GD in all age categories and across all time periods except among those aged 40–66 years. The risk of GD three to four years after the onset of SUD among those aged 40–66 years was similar between SUD males and females.

Discussion: The overall co-morbidity of SUD and GD was low. However, the risk of the other addictive disorder was contingent upon the nature of the first disorder. The risk of SUD among GDs over time was greater among females compared to males.

Conclusions: The risk of the other addictive disorder appears to be contingent upon the first addictive disorder. There are sex differences in the risk trajectories of the other addictive disorder over time between GD patients and SUD patients.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Creators: Leino, T., Torsheim, T., Griffiths, M.D. and Pallesen, S.
Publisher: Sage
Date: 30 September 2021
ISSN: 1403-4948
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1177/14034948211042249DOI
1475647Other
Rights: © author(s) 2021. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 06 Oct 2021 15:06
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2021 15:06
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44327

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