To which world regions does the valence–dominance model of social perception apply?

Jones, B.C., DeBruine, L.M., Flake, J.K., Liuzza, M.T., Antfolk, J., Arinze, N.C., Ndukaihe, I.L.G., Bloxsom, N.G., Lewis, S.C., Foroni, F., Willis, M.L., Cubillas, C.P., Vadillo, M.A., Turiegano, E., Gilead, M., Simchon, A., Saribay, S.A., Owsley, N.C., Jang, C., Mburu, G., Calvillo, D.P., Wlodarczyk, A., Qi, Y., Ariyabuddhiphongs, K., Jarukasemthawee, S., Manley, H., Suavansri, P., Taephant, N., Stolier, R.M., Evans, T.R., Bonick, J., Lindemans, J.W., Ashworth, L.F., Hahn, A.C., Chevallier, C., Kapucu, A., Karaaslan, A., Leongómez, J.D., Sánchez, O.R., Valderrama, E., Vásquez-Amézquita, M., Hajdu, N., Aczel, B., Szecsi, P., Andreychik, M., Musser, E.D., Batres, C., Hu, C.-P., Liu, Q.-L., Legate, N., Vaughn, L.A., Barzykowski, K., Golik, K., Schmid, I., Stieger, S., Artner, R., Mues, C., Vanpaemel, W., Jiang, Z., Wu, Q., Marcu, G.M., Stephen, I.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-9714-8295, Lu, J.G., Philipp, M.C., Arnal, J.D., Hehman, E., Xie, S.Y., Chopik, W.J., Seehuus, M., Azouaghe, S., Belhaj, A., Elouafa, J., Wilson, J.P., Kruse, E., Papadatou-Pastou, M., De La Rosa-Gómez, A., Barba-Sánchez, A.E., González-Santoyo, I., Hsu, T., Kung, C.-C., Wang, H.-H., Freeman, J.B., Oh, D.W., Schei, V., Sverdrup, T.E., Levitan, C.A., Cook, C.L., Chandel, P., Kujur, P., Parganiha, A., Parveen, N., Pati, A.K., Pradhan, S., Singh, M.M., Pande, B., Bavolar, J., Kačmár, P., Zakharov, I., Álvarez-Solas, S., Baskin, E., Thirkettle, M., Schmidt, K., Christopherson, C.D., Leonis, T., Suchow, J.W., Olofsson, J.K., Jernsäther, T., Lee, A.-S., Beaudry, J.L., Gogan, T.D., Oldmeadow, J.A., Balas, B., Stevens, L.M., Colloff, M.F., Flowe, H.D., Gülgöz, S., Brandt, M.J., Hoyer, K., Jaeger, B., Ren, D., Sleegers, W.W.A., Wissink, J., Kaminski, G., Floerke, V.A., Urry, H.L., Chen, S.-C., Pfuhl, G., Vally, Z., Basnight-Brown, D.M., Jzerman, H.I., Sarda, E., Neyroud, L., Badidi, T., Van der Linden, N., Tan, C.B.Y., Kovic, V., Sampaio, W., Ferreira, P., Santos, D., Burin, D.I., Gardiner, G., Protzko, J., Schild, C., Ścigała, K.A., Zettler, I., O’Mara Kunz, E.M., Storage, D., Wagemans, F.M.A., Saunders, B., Sirota, M., Sloane, G.V., Lima, T.J.S., Uittenhove, K., Vergauwe, E., Jaworska, K., Stern, J., Ask, K., van Zyl, C.J.J., Körner, A., Weissgerber, S.C., Boudesseul, J., Ruiz-Dodobara, F., Ritchie, K.L., Michalak, N.M., Blake, K.R., White, D., Gordon-Finlayson, A.R., Anne, M., Janssen, S.M.J., Lee, K.M., Nielsen, T.K., Tamnes, C.K., Zickfeld, J.H., Rosa, A.D., Vianello, M., Kocsor, F., Kozma, L., Putz, A., Tressoldi, P., Irrazabal, N., Chatard, A., Lins, S., Pinto, I.R., Lutz, J., Adamkovic, M., Babincak, P., Baník, G., Ropovik, I., Coetzee, V., Dixson, B.J.W., Ribeiro, G., Peters, K., Steffens, N.K., Tan, K.W., Thorstenson, C.A., Fernandez, A.M., Hsu, R.M.C.S., Valentova, J.V., Varella, M.A.C., Corral-Frías, N.S., Frías-Armenta, M., Hatami, J., Monajem, A., Sharifian, M., Frohlich, B., Lin, H., Inzlicht, M., Alaei, R., Rule, N.O., Lamm, C., Pronizius, E., Voracek, M., Olsen, J., Giolla, E.M., Akgoz, A., Özdoğru, A.A., Crawford, M.T., Bennett-Day, B., Koehn, M.A., Okan, C., Gill, T., Miller, J.K., Dunham, Y., Yang, X., Alper, S., Borras-Guevara, M.L., Cai, S.J., Tiantian, D., Danvers, A.F., Feinberg, D.R., Armstrong, M.M., Gilboa-Schechtman, E., McCarthy, R.J., Muñoz-Reyes, J.A., Polo, P., Shiramazu, V.K.M., Yan, W.-J., Carvalho, L., Forscher, P.S., Chartier, C.R. and Coles, N.A., 2021. To which world regions does the valence–dominance model of social perception apply? Nature Human Behaviour, 5 (1), pp. 159-169. ISSN 2397-3374

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Abstract

Over the past 10 years, Oosterhof and Todorov’s valence–dominance model has emerged as the most prominent account of how people evaluate faces on social dimensions. In this model, two dimensions (valence and dominance) underpin social judgements of faces. Because this model has primarily been developed and tested in Western regions, it is unclear whether these findings apply to other regions. We addressed this question by replicating Oosterhof and Todorov’s methodology across 11 world regions, 41 countries and 11,570 participants. When we used Oosterhof and Todorov’s original analysis strategy, the valence–dominance model generalized across regions. When we used an alternative methodology to allow for correlated dimensions, we observed much less generalization. Collectively, these results suggest that, while the valence–dominance model generalizes very well across regions when dimensions are forced to be orthogonal, regional differences are revealed when we use different extraction methods and correlate and rotate the dimension reduction solution.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Nature Human Behaviour
Creators: Jones, B.C., DeBruine, L.M., Flake, J.K., Liuzza, M.T., Antfolk, J., Arinze, N.C., Ndukaihe, I.L.G., Bloxsom, N.G., Lewis, S.C., Foroni, F., Willis, M.L., Cubillas, C.P., Vadillo, M.A., Turiegano, E., Gilead, M., Simchon, A., Saribay, S.A., Owsley, N.C., Jang, C., Mburu, G., Calvillo, D.P., Wlodarczyk, A., Qi, Y., Ariyabuddhiphongs, K., Jarukasemthawee, S., Manley, H., Suavansri, P., Taephant, N., Stolier, R.M., Evans, T.R., Bonick, J., Lindemans, J.W., Ashworth, L.F., Hahn, A.C., Chevallier, C., Kapucu, A., Karaaslan, A., Leongómez, J.D., Sánchez, O.R., Valderrama, E., Vásquez-Amézquita, M., Hajdu, N., Aczel, B., Szecsi, P., Andreychik, M., Musser, E.D., Batres, C., Hu, C.-P., Liu, Q.-L., Legate, N., Vaughn, L.A., Barzykowski, K., Golik, K., Schmid, I., Stieger, S., Artner, R., Mues, C., Vanpaemel, W., Jiang, Z., Wu, Q., Marcu, G.M., Stephen, I.D., Lu, J.G., Philipp, M.C., Arnal, J.D., Hehman, E., Xie, S.Y., Chopik, W.J., Seehuus, M., Azouaghe, S., Belhaj, A., Elouafa, J., Wilson, J.P., Kruse, E., Papadatou-Pastou, M., De La Rosa-Gómez, A., Barba-Sánchez, A.E., González-Santoyo, I., Hsu, T., Kung, C.-C., Wang, H.-H., Freeman, J.B., Oh, D.W., Schei, V., Sverdrup, T.E., Levitan, C.A., Cook, C.L., Chandel, P., Kujur, P., Parganiha, A., Parveen, N., Pati, A.K., Pradhan, S., Singh, M.M., Pande, B., Bavolar, J., Kačmár, P., Zakharov, I., Álvarez-Solas, S., Baskin, E., Thirkettle, M., Schmidt, K., Christopherson, C.D., Leonis, T., Suchow, J.W., Olofsson, J.K., Jernsäther, T., Lee, A.-S., Beaudry, J.L., Gogan, T.D., Oldmeadow, J.A., Balas, B., Stevens, L.M., Colloff, M.F., Flowe, H.D., Gülgöz, S., Brandt, M.J., Hoyer, K., Jaeger, B., Ren, D., Sleegers, W.W.A., Wissink, J., Kaminski, G., Floerke, V.A., Urry, H.L., Chen, S.-C., Pfuhl, G., Vally, Z., Basnight-Brown, D.M., Jzerman, H.I., Sarda, E., Neyroud, L., Badidi, T., Van der Linden, N., Tan, C.B.Y., Kovic, V., Sampaio, W., Ferreira, P., Santos, D., Burin, D.I., Gardiner, G., Protzko, J., Schild, C., Ścigała, K.A., Zettler, I., O’Mara Kunz, E.M., Storage, D., Wagemans, F.M.A., Saunders, B., Sirota, M., Sloane, G.V., Lima, T.J.S., Uittenhove, K., Vergauwe, E., Jaworska, K., Stern, J., Ask, K., van Zyl, C.J.J., Körner, A., Weissgerber, S.C., Boudesseul, J., Ruiz-Dodobara, F., Ritchie, K.L., Michalak, N.M., Blake, K.R., White, D., Gordon-Finlayson, A.R., Anne, M., Janssen, S.M.J., Lee, K.M., Nielsen, T.K., Tamnes, C.K., Zickfeld, J.H., Rosa, A.D., Vianello, M., Kocsor, F., Kozma, L., Putz, A., Tressoldi, P., Irrazabal, N., Chatard, A., Lins, S., Pinto, I.R., Lutz, J., Adamkovic, M., Babincak, P., Baník, G., Ropovik, I., Coetzee, V., Dixson, B.J.W., Ribeiro, G., Peters, K., Steffens, N.K., Tan, K.W., Thorstenson, C.A., Fernandez, A.M., Hsu, R.M.C.S., Valentova, J.V., Varella, M.A.C., Corral-Frías, N.S., Frías-Armenta, M., Hatami, J., Monajem, A., Sharifian, M., Frohlich, B., Lin, H., Inzlicht, M., Alaei, R., Rule, N.O., Lamm, C., Pronizius, E., Voracek, M., Olsen, J., Giolla, E.M., Akgoz, A., Özdoğru, A.A., Crawford, M.T., Bennett-Day, B., Koehn, M.A., Okan, C., Gill, T., Miller, J.K., Dunham, Y., Yang, X., Alper, S., Borras-Guevara, M.L., Cai, S.J., Tiantian, D., Danvers, A.F., Feinberg, D.R., Armstrong, M.M., Gilboa-Schechtman, E., McCarthy, R.J., Muñoz-Reyes, J.A., Polo, P., Shiramazu, V.K.M., Yan, W.-J., Carvalho, L., Forscher, P.S., Chartier, C.R. and Coles, N.A.
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Date: 4 January 2021
Volume: 5
Number: 1
ISSN: 2397-3374
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1038/s41562-020-01007-2DOI
1478340Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jeremy Silvester
Date Added: 14 Oct 2021 08:49
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2021 08:49
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44440

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