Efficient arsenic removal by a bifunctional heterogeneous catalyst through simultaneous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) catalytic oxidation and adsorption

Su, J., Lyu, T., Cooper, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-1864-1434, Mortimer, R.J.G. and Pan, G. ORCID: 0000-0003-0920-3018, 2021. Efficient arsenic removal by a bifunctional heterogeneous catalyst through simultaneous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) catalytic oxidation and adsorption. Journal of Cleaner Production, 325: 129329. ISSN 0959-6526

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Abstract

Arsenic (As) is a toxic contaminant in surface waters and groundwater. Oxidation of arsenite (As(III)) to less toxic arsenate (As(V)) by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is desirable for enhancing the immobilisation of Arsenic (As). However, this As(III) oxidation process is constrained by the strong pH dependence and the generated As(V) must also be removed for complete As remediation. This study developed and evaluated a novel heterogeneous catalytic system using manganese-doped Lanthanum oxycarbonate (MnL) to catalyse the oxidation of As(III) by H2O2 and simultaneously adsorb the generated As(V). The presence of MnL enhanced the removal rate of As(III) by 35 times compared with systems utilising H2O2 alone. Additionally, this superior performance was observed over a wide pH range (5–9), which demonstrated this approach could bypass the well-known pH restriction on oxidation by H2O2. Mechanistic studies revealed that the long-lived superoxide radicals (·O2−/·OOH), present on the particle surfaces and derived from the dissociation of the Lewis acid-base adduct (La–OOH*), were the dominant active species for As(III) oxidation. Mn atoms with low valence states played a crucial role in As(III) oxidation through the provision of extra active sites to facilitate radical production. The La and Mn sites in MnL could rapidly immobilize the generated As(V) by forming precipitates, resulting in a final As removal efficiency of 99% even after three cycles of reutilisation. Overall, this study demonstrates the viability of the proposed novel multi-functional catalyst for efficient As remediation from aqueous environments.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Cleaner Production
Creators: Su, J., Lyu, T., Cooper, M., Mortimer, R.J.G. and Pan, G.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: 20 November 2021
Volume: 325
ISSN: 0959-6526
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129329DOI
1479319Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 15 Oct 2021 09:48
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2021 09:48
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44455

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