Individual conscious and unconscious perception of emotion: theory, methodology and applications

Tsikandilakis, M., Bali, P., Yu, Z., Madan, C., Derrfuss, J., Chapman, P. and Groeger, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-3582-1058, 2021. Individual conscious and unconscious perception of emotion: theory, methodology and applications. Consciousness and Cognition, 94: 103172. ISSN 1053-8100

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Abstract

In this manuscript we review a seminal debate related to subliminality and concerning the relationship of consciousness, unconsciousness, and perception. We present the methodological implementations that contemporary psychology introduced to explore this relationship, such as the application of unbiased self-report metrics and Bayesian analyses for assessing detection and discrimination. We present evidence concerning an unaddressed issue, namely, that different participants and stimulus types require different thresholds for subliminal presentation. We proceed to a step-by-step experimental illustration of a method involving individual thresholds for the presentation of masked emotional faces. We show that individual thresholds provide Bayesian evidence for null responses to the presented faces. Conversely, we show in the same database that when applying established but biased non-individual criteria for subliminality physiological changes occur and relate – correctly, and most importantly incorrectly – to perception concerning the emotional type, and the valence and intensity of a presented masked emotional face.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Consciousness and Cognition
Creators: Tsikandilakis, M., Bali, P., Yu, Z., Madan, C., Derrfuss, J., Chapman, P. and Groeger, J.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: September 2021
Volume: 94
ISSN: 1053-8100
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.concog.2021.103172DOI
S105381002100098Publisher Item Identifier
1470409Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 25 Oct 2021 10:38
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 10:38
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44503

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