The relationship between alexithymia, dysmorphic concern, and exercise addiction: the moderating effect of self-esteem

Gori, A., Topino, E., Pucci, C. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2021. The relationship between alexithymia, dysmorphic concern, and exercise addiction: the moderating effect of self-esteem. Journal of Personalized Medicine, 11 (11): 1111. ISSN 2075-4426

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Abstract

As with other addictions, exercise addiction can severely impact individuals’ lives and have significant psychophysical consequences. Consequently, the study of the mechanisms involved in this psychopathological condition has great clinical and practical relevance. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to explore the risk factors and protective factors for exercise addiction, with a particular focus on the roles of alexithymia, body image concerns, and self-esteem. A sample of 288 regular exercisers (mean age = 28.35 years, SD = 8.26; 72% females, 18% males) completed the Exercise Addiction Inventory, 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Body Image Concern Inventory, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Data were analyzed by implementing a moderated mediation model. Results showed a significant and positive association between alexithymia and exercise addiction, totally mediated by body image concerns. Furthermore, self-esteem showed a relevant moderating effect, such that at high levels of self-esteem the effect of alexithymia on body image concerns became insignificant. Such data have important implications, highlighting some core variables on which it might be useful to keep a focus in order to elaborate tailored interventions, from both preventive and treatment perspectives.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Personalized Medicine
Creators: Gori, A., Topino, E., Pucci, C. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: MDPI
Date: 29 October 2021
Volume: 11
Number: 11
ISSN: 2075-4426
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/jpm11111111DOI
1484044Other
Rights: Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 02 Nov 2021 10:02
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2021 10:02
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44568

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