Effect of the perception of breakfast consumption on subsequent appetite and energy intake in healthy males

Slater, T. ORCID: 0000-0003-2764-3148, Mode, W.J.A. ORCID: 0000-0003-4667-2876, Hough, J. ORCID: 0000-0001-6970-5779, James, R.M. ORCID: 0000-0002-7119-3159, Sale, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-5816-4169, James, L.J. and Clayton, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-5481-0891, 2021. Effect of the perception of breakfast consumption on subsequent appetite and energy intake in healthy males. European Journal of Nutrition. ISSN 1436-6207

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the effects of consuming a very-low-energy placebo breakfast on subsequent appetite and lunch energy intake.

Methods: Fourteen healthy males consumed water-only (WAT), very-low-energy, viscous placebo (containing water, low-calorie flavoured squash, and xanthan gum; ~ 16 kcal; PLA), and whole-food (~ 573 kcal; FOOD) breakfasts in a randomised order. Subjects were blinded to the energy content of PLA and specific study aims. Venous blood samples were collected pre-breakfast, 60- and 180-min post-breakfast to assess plasma acylated ghrelin and peptide tyrosine tyrosine concentrations. Subjective appetite was measured regularly, and energy intake was assessed at an ad libitum lunch meal 195-min post-breakfast.

Results: Lunch energy intake was lower during FOOD compared to WAT (P < 0.05), with no further differences between trials (P ≥ 0.132). Cumulative energy intake (breakfast plus lunch) was lower during PLA (1078 ± 274 kcal) and WAT (1093 ± 249 kcal), compared to FOOD (1554 ± 301 kcal; P < 0.001). Total area under the curve (AUC) for hunger, desire to eat and prospective food consumption were lower, and fullness was greater during PLA and FOOD compared to WAT (P < 0.05). AUC for hunger was lower during FOOD compared to PLA (P < 0.05). During FOOD, acylated ghrelin was suppressed compared to PLA and WAT at 60 min (P < 0.05), with no other hormonal differences between trials (P ≥ 0.071).

Conclusion: Consuming a very-low-energy placebo breakfast does not alter energy intake at lunch but may reduce cumulative energy intake across breakfast and lunch and attenuate elevations in subjective appetite associated with breakfast omission.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: European Journal of Nutrition
Creators: Slater, T., Mode, W.J.A., Hough, J., James, R.M., Sale, C., James, L.J. and Clayton, D.J.
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Date: 11 November 2021
ISSN: 1436-6207
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s00394-021-02727-5DOI
1496180Other
Rights: Post-prints are subject to Springer Nature re-use terms
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 17 Nov 2021 16:05
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 16:05
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44865

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