Fear of COVID-19 and trust in the healthcare system mediates the association between individual's risk perception and preventive COVID-19 behaviours among Iranians

Alijanzadeh, M., Kwasi Ahorsu, D., Alimoradi, Z., Mahmoudi, N., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Lin, C.-Y., Liu, H.-K. and Pakpour, A.H., 2021. Fear of COVID-19 and trust in the healthcare system mediates the association between individual's risk perception and preventive COVID-19 behaviours among Iranians. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (22): 12146. ISSN 1661-7827

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Abstract

Problems caused by the novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) and its mutations have brought challenges in pandemic control for all countries worldwide. The present study examines the mediating roles of fear of COVID-19 and trust in the healthcare system in the association between individual's risk perception and performing preventive COVID-19 behaviours among Iranians. A cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 3652 residents of Qazvin province in Iran from 3 February to 15 April 2021 using a multistage stratified cluster sampling method. Participants responded to an online questionnaire concerning their fear of COVID-19, risk perception, trust in the healthcare system, and preventive COVID-19 behaviours. Small to medium positive interrelationships were observed between the variables of the study. Fear of COVID-19, trust in the healthcare system or both (fear of COVID-19 and trust in the healthcare system) mediated the association between an individual's risk perception and performing preventive COVID-19 behaviours. The study demonstrated there are at least four ways through which an individual's risk perception can influence preventive COVID-19 behaviours. Therefore, clinicians, health communicators, and researchers may capitalize on these findings to enhance preventive COVID-19 behaviours to help mitigate the spread of COVID-19 infection.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Creators: Alijanzadeh, M., Kwasi Ahorsu, D., Alimoradi, Z., Mahmoudi, N., Griffiths, M.D., Lin, C.-Y., Liu, H.-K. and Pakpour, A.H.
Publisher: MDPI
Date: 19 November 2021
Volume: 18
Number: 22
ISSN: 1661-7827
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/ijerph182212146DOI
1497620Other
Rights: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 22 Nov 2021 11:10
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2021 11:10
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44910

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