Gender differences in the factors associated with the fear of COVID-19 among Taiwanese older people

Li, Y.-P., Lin, C.-Y., Kuo, Y.-J., Chen, Y.-P. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2021. Gender differences in the factors associated with the fear of COVID-19 among Taiwanese older people. Inquiry: the Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, 58. ISSN 1945-7243

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Abstract

Objectives: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, older people are threatened, and there may be different psychological responses toward COVID-19 between women and men. The present study explored the factors and gender differences related to the fear of COVID-19 among older women and men in Taiwan.

Methods: Geriatric patients (n = 139; 42 men; mean age = 71.73 years) who visited outpatient departments were recruited. They self-reported demographic data and completed questions asking about (i) their fear of COVID-19, (ii) whether they paid attention to COVID-19 news, (iii) whether searched for COVID-19 news, (iv) whether they believed in COVID-19 news, and (v) their preventive COVID-19 behaviors.

Results: Both women and men reported a low fear of COVID-19, paid close attention to COVID-19 news, and practiced good preventive COVID-19 infection behaviors. The perceived chance of COVID-19 infection was a significant factor contributing to the fear of COVID-19 among both women and men. Preventive behaviors had a positive effect in lowering the fear of COVID-19. News about COVID-19 had a negative effect in lowering the fear of the disease among women but not men.

Conclusions: As the performing of preventive COVID-19 infection behaviors was associated with a lower fear of COVID-19, healthcare providers should consider strategies for improving preventive behaviors among older people to help ease their worries and fears concerning COVID-19.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Inquiry: the Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing
Creators: Li, Y.-P., Lin, C.-Y., Kuo, Y.-J., Chen, Y.-P. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Sage
Date: 23 November 2021
Volume: 58
ISSN: 1945-7243
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1177/00469580211055587DOI
1498799Other
Rights: © the author(s) 2021. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 25 Nov 2021 11:50
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2021 11:50
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/44945

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