The mechanisms underpinning the effects of self-control exertion on subsequent physical performance: a meta-analysis

Hunte, R., Cooper, S.B. ORCID: 0000-0001-5219-5020, Taylor, I.M., Nevill, M.E. and Boat, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-4897-8118, 2021. The mechanisms underpinning the effects of self-control exertion on subsequent physical performance: a meta-analysis. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology. ISSN 1750-984X

[img]
Preview
Text
1498906_Boat.pdf - Published version

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Prior self-control exertion is consistently reported to cause decrements in subsequent physical performance. However, research into the explanatory mechanisms underpinning the effect is limited and has not been assessed under a meta-analytical lens. Therefore, the present study reports a meta-analysis examining the effects of self-control exertion on subsequent physical performance, as well as the mechanisms underpinning the effect.

A systematic search of relevant databases was conducted to identify studies that utilized the sequential task paradigm, involving self-control manipulations lasting 30 minutes or less, and examined an aspect of physical performance. Random effects meta-analysis demonstrated that the prior exertion of self-control resulted in a statistically significant medium sized negative effect of prior self-control exertion on subsequent physical performance (g = −0.55). Further analysis revealed a small increase in initial perceptions of pain (g = 0.18) and a medium sized reduction in self-efficacy (g = −0.48), while motivation and RPE were unaffected following the exertion of self-control.

The present study provides a novel insight into the mechanisms underpinning the effects of prior self-control exertion on subsequent physical performance. Initial perceptions of pain and self-efficacy appear important mechanisms and thus could be targeted in future interventions aimed at attenuating the effects of self-control exertion to enhance subsequent physical performance.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Creators: Hunte, R., Cooper, S.B., Taylor, I.M., Nevill, M.E. and Boat, R.
Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Date: 23 November 2021
ISSN: 1750-984X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/1750984x.2021.2004610DOI
1498906Other
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 30 Nov 2021 11:02
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2021 11:02
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/45001

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year