Suicidal behaviors among Bangladeshi university students: prevalence and risk factors

Rasheduzzaman, M., Al-Mamun, F., Hosen, I., Akter, T., Hossain, M., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Mamun, M.A., 2022. Suicidal behaviors among Bangladeshi university students: prevalence and risk factors. PLOS ONE, 17 (1): e0262006. ISSN 1932-6203

[img]
Preview
Text
1508794_Griffiths.pdf - Published version

Download (498kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Bangladeshi university students are considered to be highly suicide-prone compared to other populations and cohorts. However, no prior epidemiological studies have assessed the suicidality (i.e., past-year suicidal ideation [SI], lifetime suicide plan [SP], and lifetime suicide attempt [SA]) among Bangladeshi students, including the variables such as past-year stressful life events and family mental health history. This is arguably a major knowledge gap in the country. Therefore, the present study investigated the prevalence and associated risk factors for suicidal behaviors among Bangladeshi university students.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted utilizing a convenience sampling method among a total of 1844 university students between October and November 2019. Data were collected based on the information related to socio-demographics, perceived health-related questions , past-year stressful life events, family mental health history, and suicidal behaviors (i.e., SI, SP, and SA). Chi-square tests and binary logistic regressions were used to analyze the data utilizing SPSS statistical software.

Results: The prevalence of past-year suicidal ideation, lifetime suicide plans, and suicide attempts were 13.4%, 6.0%, and 4.4%, respectively. Females reported significantly higher suicidal behavior than males (i.e., 20.6% vs.10.2% SI; 9% vs. 4.6% SP; and 6.4% vs.3.6% SA). Risk factors for SI were being female, year of academic study, residing in an urban area, using psychoactive substances, experiencing both past year physical and mental illness, experiencing any type of stressful past-year life events, experiencing campus ragging (i.e., senior students abusing, humiliating and/or harassing freshers or more junior students), experiencing family mental illness history, and having family suicide attempt history. SP was associated with several factors including being female, year of academic study, using psychoactive substance, experiencing both past-year physical and mental illness, and experiencing any type of stressful past-year life events. Risk factors for SA were being female, year of academic study, using psychoactive substances, experiencing past-year mental illness, experiencing any type of stressful past-year life events, and having family suicide attempt history.

Conclusions: University students appear to be a vulnerable group for experiencing suicidal behaviors. The present findings warrant rigorous action and early intervention programs such as counseling and other mental health professional services by university authorities. Longitudinal studies are highly recommended involving countrywide representative samples.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: PLOS ONE
Creators: Rasheduzzaman, M., Al-Mamun, F., Hosen, I., Akter, T., Hossain, M., Griffiths, M.D. and Mamun, M.A.
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Date: 13 January 2022
Volume: 17
Number: 1
ISSN: 1932-6203
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1371/journal.pone.0262006DOI
1508794Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 19 Jan 2022 13:58
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2022 13:58
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/45361

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year