An exploration into the contributing cognitive skills of lifeguard visual search

Laxton, V. ORCID: 0000-0001-5590-4398, Mackenzie, A.K. ORCID: 0000-0002-6818-2838 and Crundall, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-6030-3631, 2022. An exploration into the contributing cognitive skills of lifeguard visual search. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 36 (1), pp. 216-227. ISSN 0888-4080

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Lifeguard drowning detection in swimming pools and beach settings is influenced by experience. The current experiment explores the cognitive skills that might underlie this experience effect. Lifeguard and non-lifeguard performance in a domain-free multiple object avoidance (MOA) task and a partially domain-free functional field of view (FFOV) task was compared to performance on an occlusion-based drowning detection task. Lifeguards performed better than non-lifeguards on the MOA task and the FFOV central task (identifying whether an isolated swimmer was drowning). However, only performance in the central FFOV task was associated with performance in the occlusion-based drowning detection task, and this was the only part of the two tasks that was not domain-free. These results suggest lifeguard drowning detection is mainly driven through the learned ability to process behaviours of drowning swimmers quicker than non-lifeguards. Therefore, it may be possible to train novices’ ability to detect drowning swimmers through an exposure task.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Applied Cognitive Psychology
Creators: Laxton, V., Mackenzie, A.K. and Crundall, D.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 19 January 2022
Volume: 36
Number: 1
ISSN: 0888-4080
Rights: © 2022 The Authors. Applied Cognitive Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 15 Feb 2022 15:49
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 15:49

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