One week of high-fat overfeeding alters bone metabolism in healthy males: a pilot study

Varley, I. ORCID: 0000-0002-3607-8921, James, L.J., Willis, S.A., King, J.A. and Clayton, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-5481-0891, 2022. One week of high-fat overfeeding alters bone metabolism in healthy males: a pilot study. Nutrition, 96: 111589. ISSN 0899-9007

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Abstract

Objectives: Short periods of excessive consumption of indulgent high-fat foods are common in Western society, but the effect this has on bone is unknown. The aim of this pilot study was to explore how a 7-d hyperenergetic, high-fat diet affects candidate biomarkers of bone metabolism.

Methods: The study included 12 healthy men with a mean age of 24 y (SD = 4 y) and body mass index (BMI) of 24.1 kg/m2 (SD = 1.5). The men consumed a 7-d hyperenergetic, high-fat diet (HE-HFD; 20.9 [SD = 0.8] MJ; 65% total energy as fat) and a control (CON) diet (10.9 [SD = 2] MJ; 36% total energy as fat), in randomized, crossover order, with each trial separated by 3 wk. Markers of bone formation (P1NP) and bone resorption (CTx) were measured at baseline and after 1, 3, and 7 d of each diet. Bone metabolic responses were analyzed using two-factor repeated-measures analysis of variance and subsequent pairwise comparisons.

Results: There was a main effect of time (P < 0.05), but no trial (P = 0.270) or time- × -trial interaction (P = 0.693) effects for plasma concentrations of CTx. Mean CTx concentrations did not differ between trials (CON: 0.97 ng/mL [SD = 0.39]; HE-HFD: 1.03 ng/mL [SD = 0.22]; P = 0.225). There was a main effect of trial (P < 0.01), but no time (P = 0.138) or trial- × -interaction (P = 0.179) effects for plasma concentrations of P1NP. Mean P1NP concentrations were lower during the HE-HFD (61.79 ng/mL [SD = 26.54]) than during the CON diet (77.89 ng/mL [SD = 28.71]; P < 0.01).

Conclusions: A 7-d hyperenergetic, high-fat diet reduces a marker of bone formation but does not affect a marker of bone resorption. This pilot study suggested that short periods of excessive energy and fat consumption may detrimentally affect bone health.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Effect of hyperenergetic, high-fat diet on bone metabolism [running title]
Publication Title: Nutrition
Creators: Varley, I., James, L.J., Willis, S.A., King, J.A. and Clayton, D.J.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: April 2022
Volume: 96
ISSN: 0899-9007
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.nut.2022.111589DOI
S0899900722000028Publisher Item Identifier
1518784Other
Rights: © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 21 Feb 2022 12:26
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2022 12:28
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/45720

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