Systematic review of the effects of exercise and physical activity on the gut microbiome of older adults

Ramos, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-0222-8063, Gibson, G.R., Walton, G.E., Magistro, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2554-3701, Kinnear, W. ORCID: 0000-0001-7054-5303 and Hunter, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-0743-9724, 2022. Systematic review of the effects of exercise and physical activity on the gut microbiome of older adults. Nutrients, 14 (3): 674. ISSN 2072-6643

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Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that exercise/physical activity (PA) can beneficially alter the gut microbiome composition of young people, but little is known about its effects in older adults. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize results of human studies that have assessed the effects/associations of PA/exercise on the gut microbiome of older adults and to better understand whether this can help promote healthy ageing. Seven studies were included in the review and overall, exercise and increased amounts of PA were associated with decreases in the abundance of several well-known harmful taxa and increases in the abundance of health-promoting taxa. Altogether, the findings from the included studies suggest that exercise/PA have a beneficial impact on the gut health of older adults by improving the gut microbiome composition. However, due to methodological and sampling disparities, it was not possible to reach a consensus on which taxa were most affected by exercise or PA.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Nutrients
Creators: Ramos, C., Gibson, G.R., Walton, G.E., Magistro, D., Kinnear, W. and Hunter, K.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 5 February 2022
Volume: 14
Number: 3
ISSN: 2072-6643
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/nu14030674DOI
1521002Other
Rights: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 24 Feb 2022 10:22
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2022 10:22
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/45756

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