Determinants of hand hygiene behaviour based on the Theory of Interpersonal Behaviour

Kupfer, T.R. ORCID: 0000-0003-1147-6082, Wyles, K.J., Watson, F., La Ragione, R.M., Chambers, M.A. and Macdonald, A.S., 2019. Determinants of hand hygiene behaviour based on the Theory of Interpersonal Behaviour. Journal of Infection Prevention, 20 (5), pp. 232-237. ISSN 1757-1774

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Abstract

Background: Many investigations into the determinants of hand hygiene (HH) behaviour have explored only individual predictors or were designed according to arguably overly simplistic models of behaviour. Consequently, important influences on HH behaviour, including habit and emotion, are sometimes neglected. This study is the first to employ the Theory of Interpersonal Behaviour as a comprehensive model for understanding the determinants of HH behaviour.

Method: A self-report questionnaire was conducted with staff from two large UK veterinary referral practices. Participants (n = 75) reported their HH behaviour and responded to statements rating the importance of social norms, self-protection, patient protection, time pressures, access to equipment, habit and disgust, to their HH behaviour.

Results: Regression analysis showed that, overall, determinants explained 46% of variance (p < .001) in self-reported HH behaviour, with time constraints being the strongest predictor (β = −.47, p < .001) followed by difficulty finding equipment (β = −.21, p = .05).

Discussion: Time constraints may be the most important influence on HH adherence among the determinants investigated. Future researchers should consider employing theoretical models to aid a more comprehensive understanding of the psychology underlying HH adherence and HH interventions.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Infection Prevention
Creators: Kupfer, T.R., Wyles, K.J., Watson, F., La Ragione, R.M., Chambers, M.A. and Macdonald, A.S.
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Date: 1 September 2019
Volume: 20
Number: 5
ISSN: 1757-1774
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1177/1757177419846286DOI
1524041Other
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 10 Mar 2022 14:01
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2022 14:01
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/45845

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