Communities as conduits of harm: a social identity analysis of appraisal, coping and justice-seeking in response to historic collective victimisation

Kellezi, B. ORCID: 0000-0003-4825-3624, Wakefield, J.R.H. ORCID: 0000-0001-9155-9683, Bowe, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0491-1472, Livingstone, A. and Guxholli, A., 2022. Communities as conduits of harm: a social identity analysis of appraisal, coping and justice-seeking in response to historic collective victimisation. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology. ISSN 1052-9284 (Forthcoming)

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Abstract

Social identity approach (SIA) research shows that community members often work together to support survivors of collective victimisation and rectify social injustices. However, complexities arise when community members have been involved in perpetrating these injustices. While many communities are unaware of their role in fostering victimisation, others actively deny their role and responsibility to restore justice. We explore these processes by investigating experiences of community violence and collective justice-seeking among Albanian survivors of dictatorial crimes. Survivors (N=27) were interviewed, and data were analysed using theoretical thematic analysis guided by the SIA. The analysis reveals the diverse ways communities can become harmful ‘Social Curses’. First, communities in their various forms became effective perpetrators of fear and control (e.g., exclusion and/or withholding ingroup privileges) during the dictatorship because of the close relationship between communities and their members. Second, communities caused harm by refusing to accept responsibility for the crimes, and by undermining attempts at collective action to address injustices. This lack of collective accountability also fosters survivors’ feelings of exclusion and undermines their hope for systematic change. Implications for SIA processes relating to health/wellbeing (both Social Cure and Curse) are discussed. We also discuss implications for understanding collective action and victimhood.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
Creators: Kellezi, B., Wakefield, J.R.H., Bowe, M., Livingstone, A. and Guxholli, A.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 19 April 2022
ISSN: 1052-9284
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1002/casp.2617DOI
1538701Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 20 Apr 2022 13:11
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2022 12:33
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46144

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