Deep learning-based approach for emotion recognition using electroencephalography (EEG) signals using bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (Bi-LSTM)

Algarni, M., Saeed, F., Al-Hadhrami, T. ORCID: 0000-0001-7441-604X, Ghabban, F. and Al-Sarem, M., 2022. Deep learning-based approach for emotion recognition using electroencephalography (EEG) signals using bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (Bi-LSTM). Sensors, 22 (8): 2976.

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Abstract

Emotions are an essential part of daily human communication. The emotional states and dynamics of the brain can be linked by electroencephalography (EEG) signals that can be used by the Brain–Computer Interface (BCI), to provide better human–machine interactions. Several studies have been conducted in the field of emotion recognition. However, one of the most important issues facing the emotion recognition process, using EEG signals, is the accuracy of recognition. This paper proposes a deep learning-based approach for emotion recognition through EEG signals, which includes data selection, feature extraction, feature selection and classification phases. This research serves the medical field, as the emotion recognition model helps diagnose psychological and behavioral disorders. The research contributes to improving the performance of the emotion recognition model to obtain more accurate results, which, in turn, aids in making the correct medical decisions. A standard pre-processed Database of Emotion Analysis using Physiological signaling (DEAP) was used in this work. The statistical features, wavelet features, and Hurst exponent were extracted from the dataset. The feature selection task was implemented through the Binary Gray Wolf Optimizer. At the classification stage, the stacked bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (Bi-LSTM) Model was used to recognize human emotions. In this paper, emotions are classified into three main classes: arousal, valence and liking. The proposed approach achieved high accuracy compared to the methods used in past studies, with an average accuracy of 99.45%, 96.87% and 99.68% of valence, arousal, and liking, respectively, which is considered a high performance for the emotion recognition mode

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Sensors
Creators: Algarni, M., Saeed, F., Al-Hadhrami, T., Ghabban, F. and Al-Sarem, M.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 2022
Volume: 22
Number: 8
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/s22082976DOI
1538750Other
Rights: © This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 21 Apr 2022 09:26
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2022 09:26
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46149

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