Additively manufactured multi-morphology bone-like porous scaffolds: experiments and micro-computed tomography-based finite element modeling approaches

Noroozi, R., Tatar, F., Zolfagharian, A., Brighenti, R., Shamekhi, M.A., Rastgoo, A., Hadi, A. and Bodaghi, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0707-944X, 2022. Additively manufactured multi-morphology bone-like porous scaffolds: experiments and micro-computed tomography-based finite element modeling approaches. International Journal of Bioprinting, 8 (3), pp. 40-53. ISSN 2424-7723

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Abstract

Tissue engineering, whose aim is to repair or replace damaged tissues by combining the principle of biomaterials and cell transplantation, is one of the most important and interdisciplinary fields of regenerative medicine. Despite remarkable progress, there are still some limitations in the tissue engineering field, among which designing and manufacturing suitable scaffolds. With the advent of additive manufacturing (AM), a breakthrough happened in the production of complex geometries. In this vein, AM has enhanced the field of bioprinting in generating biomimicking organs or artificial tissues possessing the required porous graded structure. In this study, triply periodic minimal surface structures, suitable to manufacture scaffolds mimicking bone's heterogeneous nature, have been studied experimentally and numerically; the influence of the printing direction and printing material has been investigated. Various multi-morphology scaffolds, including gyroid, diamond, and I-graph and wrapped package graph (I-WP), with different transitional zone, have been three-dimensional (3D) printed and tested under compression. Further, a micro-computed tomography (µCT) analysis has been employed to obtain the real geometry of printed scaffolds. Finite element analyses have been also performed and compared with experimental results. Finally, the scaffolds' behavior under complex loading has been investigated based on the combination of µCT and finite element modeling.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Bioprinting
Creators: Noroozi, R., Tatar, F., Zolfagharian, A., Brighenti, R., Shamekhi, M.A., Rastgoo, A., Hadi, A. and Bodaghi, M.
Publisher: Whioce Publishing Pte Ltd
Date: 6 May 2022
Volume: 8
Number: 3
ISSN: 2424-7723
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.18063/ijb.v8i3.556DOI
1547517Other
Rights: © 2022 Author(s). This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 20 May 2022 10:06
Last Modified: 20 May 2022 10:06
Related URLs:
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46339

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