The development and validation of the Ontological Addiction Scale

Barrows, P., Shonin, E., Sapthiang, S., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Ducasse, D. and Van Gordon, W. ORCID: 0000-0002-5648-3043, 2022. The development and validation of the Ontological Addiction Scale. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

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Abstract

Ontological Addiction Theory is a metaphysical theory of mental illness which conceptualises psychological suffering in terms of excessive ego-centeredness. This study aimed to develop and validate the Ontological Addiction Scale (OAS) and compare OAS scores with mental health measures. A 31-item prototype scale was developed based on traditional Buddhist theory and contemporary models of addiction. An ego-centeredness form of the Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory (FFNI) was the main criterion measure. For mental health measures, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalised Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) were used. The prototype OAS and two shorter versions showed excellent internal consistency and test–retest reliability. Construct validity was evidenced by medium to large correlations with criterion measures. OAS scores showed strong correlations with PHQ-9, GAD-7 and RSES, suggesting a clear relationship between OAS and mental health. The OAS appears to be a valid and reliable instrument suitable for assessing OA.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Barrows, P., Shonin, E., Sapthiang, S., Griffiths, M.D., Ducasse, D. and Van Gordon, W.
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Date: 6 June 2022
ISSN: 1557-1874
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s11469-022-00840-yDOI
1551591Other
Rights: © The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 07 Jun 2022 10:14
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2022 10:14
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46411

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