Differences in self-control, self-efficacy and depressive symptoms between active and inactive middle-aged and older adults after 1 year of COVID restrictions

Camp, N. ORCID: 0000-0003-0972-9722, Fernandes Ramos, A.C., Hunter, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-0743-9724, Boat, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-4897-8118 and Magistro, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2554-3701, 2022. Differences in self-control, self-efficacy and depressive symptoms between active and inactive middle-aged and older adults after 1 year of COVID restrictions. Aging and Mental Health. ISSN 1360-7863

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Abstract

Objectives: The psychological impact of the prolonged lockdown measures in the UK as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic is unclear. Our aim was to determine if there are significant differences in self-control, self-efficacy, depressive symptoms and leisure motivation between UK older adults with differing levels of physical activity, and which of these variables can be used to predict activity level after 1 year of lockdown restrictions,

Methods: 521 adults aged 50–92 years completed an online survey consisting of several validated measures relating to physical activity, self-control, self-efficacy, depressive symptoms, and leisure motivation. Participant’s responses were grouped into active (≥150minutes activity per week) and inactive (<150minutes activity per week). Data was analysed using ANOVA, Pearson’s Correlation and Multiple Regression (forward stepwise).

Results: We found significant differences in self-efficacy, self-control, and depressive symptoms between physically active vs inactive subjects. High levels of self-control and self-efficacy were associated with higher levels of activity and fewer depressive symptoms. Self-control, amotivation, depressive symptoms and self-efficacy were predictors of physical activity level.

Conclusion: Psychological variables including self-control, self-efficacy, depressive symptoms and amotivation can be used to predict physical activity levels in UK middle-aged and older adults following 1 year of Covid restrictions.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Aging and Mental Health
Creators: Camp, N., Fernandes Ramos, A.C., Hunter, K., Boat, R. and Magistro, D.
Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Date: 25 March 2022
ISSN: 1360-7863
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/13607863.2022.2046691DOI
1533064Other
Rights: © 2022 the Author(s). Published by informa UK limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. CONTACT Nicola Camp nicola.camp@ntu.ac.ukhttps://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2022.2046691. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-nonCommercial-noDerivatives license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 09 Jun 2022 14:55
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2022 14:55
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46428

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