Modelling changes in bone and body composition over a season in elite male footballers

Varley, I. ORCID: 0000-0002-3607-8921, Ward, M., Thorpe, C., Beardsley, N., Greeves, J., Sale, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-5816-4169 and Saward, C. ORCID: 0000-0001-9363-3410, 2022. Modelling changes in bone and body composition over a season in elite male footballers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 43 (08), pp. 729-739. ISSN 0172-4622

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Abstract

This study investigated the change in bone and body composition characteristics of elite football players and recreationally active control participants across the course of a season. Forty-six participants (20 footballers and 26 recreationally active controls) were assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography for a range of bone and body composition characteristics at four points over the course of a competitive season. Multilevel modelling was used to examine changes.

Footballers had higher characteristics than controls for 24 out of 29 dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography variables (all p<0.05), however, there was also significant random inter-individual variation in baseline values for all variables, for both footballers and controls (p<0.05). Whole-body bone mineral density, leg and whole-body bone mineral content, tibial bone mass and area (38%) increased across the season in footballers (p<0.05), and there was significant random inter-individual variation in the rate of increase of leg and whole-body bone mineral content (p<0.05).

Whole-body bone mineral density, leg and whole-body bone mineral content, tibial bone mass and area (38%) increased over the course of the season in elite football players. The modelling information on expected changes in bone characteristics provides practitioners with a method of identifying those with abnormal bone response to football training and match-play.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Creators: Varley, I., Ward, M., Thorpe, C., Beardsley, N., Greeves, J., Sale, C. and Saward, C.
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Date: July 2022
Volume: 43
Number: 08
ISSN: 0172-4622
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1055/a-1810-6774DOI
1566393Other
Rights: © 2022. Thieme. All rights reserved.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 21 Jul 2022 08:59
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2022 08:59
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46653

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