Unprecedented impacts of aviation emissions on global environmental and climate change scenario

Sher, F. ORCID: 0000-0003-2890-5912, Raore, D., Klemeš, J.J., Rafi-ul-Shan, P.M., Khzouz, M., Marintseva, K. and Razmkhah, O., 2021. Unprecedented impacts of aviation emissions on global environmental and climate change scenario. Current Pollution Reports, 7 (4), pp. 549-564. ISSN 2198-6592

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Abstract

There has been a continuously growing trend in international commercial air traffic, with the exception of COVID-19 crises; however, after the recovery, the trend is expected to even sharpen. The consequences of released emissions and by-products in the environment range from human health hazards, low air quality and global warming. This study is aimed to investigate the role of aviation emissions in global warming. For this purpose, data on different variables including global air traffic and growth rate, air traffic in different continents, total global CO2 emissions of different airlines, direct and indirect emissions, air traffic in various UK airports and fuel-efficient aircraft was collected from various sources like EU member states, Statista, Eurostat, IATA, CAA and EUROCONTROL. The results indicated that in 2019, commercial airlines carried over 4.5 × 109 passengers on scheduled flights. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the global number of passengers was reduced to 1.8 × 109, representing around a 60% reduction in air traffic. Germany was the largest contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) from the EU, releasing 927 kt of emissions in 3 years. In the UK, Heathrow airport had the highest number of passengers in 2019 with over 80 million, and the study of monthly aircraft movement revealed that Heathrow Airport also had the highest number of EU and International flights, while Edinburgh had the domestic flights in 2018. These research findings could be beneficial for airlines, policymakers and governments targeting the reduction of aircraft emissions.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Current Pollution Reports
Creators: Sher, F., Raore, D., Klemeš, J.J., Rafi-ul-Shan, P.M., Khzouz, M., Marintseva, K. and Razmkhah, O.
Publisher: Springer
Date: December 2021
Volume: 7
Number: 4
ISSN: 2198-6592
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s40726-021-00206-3DOI
1567566Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 22 Jul 2022 08:50
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2022 08:50
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46677

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