Development of biomass derived highly porous fast adsorbents for post-combustion CO2 capture

Sher, F. ORCID: 0000-0003-2890-5912, Iqbal, S.Z., Albazzaz, S., Ali, U., Mortari, D.A. and Rashid, T., 2020. Development of biomass derived highly porous fast adsorbents for post-combustion CO2 capture. Fuel, 282: 118506. ISSN 0016-2361

[img]
Preview
Text
1567819_Sher.pdf - Post-print

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

This study is carried out for a comparative screening of three groups of biomasses; soft or non-woody (peanut shell); intermediate woody (walnut shell) and hard woody (pine wood) for the development of adsorbents/activated carbons for post-combustion CO2 capture (over N2 balance). Three different groups of biomass residues are selected to study the role and nature of the material in adsorption and selection of the raw material for CO2 adsorbents synthesis for future researches because of the hot issue of anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The adsorption isotherms studied by the thermal gravimetric analyser (TGA) revealed that CO2 adsorption capabilities are in the range of 2.53–3.92 mmol/g (over N2 balance) at 25 °C. The newly synthesised activated carbons (ACs) exhibited a fast rate of adsorption as 41–94% in the initial 2 min. Porous surface development with catalytic KOH activation is seen clearly through SEM surface morphological analyses and mathematically confirmed from SBET ranges from 146.86 to 944.05 m2/g. FTIR and XRD peaks verify the generation of basic or inorganic O2-rich moieties that help in acidic CO2 capture. It has also been observed from adsorption isotherms that the order of higher adsorption groups is as; peanut shell > pine wood > walnut shell, while the best activation mass ratio (sample/KOH) is 1:3. The synthesised low cost ACs with an amount of 1.93 US$ per kg production could help to overcome the environmental hazards and problems caused by CO2 and biomass waste.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Fuel
Creators: Sher, F., Iqbal, S.Z., Albazzaz, S., Ali, U., Mortari, D.A. and Rashid, T.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: 15 December 2020
Volume: 282
ISSN: 0016-2361
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.fuel.2020.118506DOI
1567819Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 25 Jul 2022 13:32
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 07:56
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46700

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year