Green synthesis and biological evaluation of novel 5-fluorouracil derivatives as potent anticancer agents

Jubeen, F., Liaqat, A., Sultan, M., Iqbal, S.Z., Sajid, I. and Sher, F. ORCID: 0000-0003-2890-5912, 2019. Green synthesis and biological evaluation of novel 5-fluorouracil derivatives as potent anticancer agents. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 27 (8), pp. 1164-1173. ISSN 1319-0164

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Abstract

This study reports the formation of 5-FU co-crystals with four different pharmacologically safe co-formers; Urea, Thiourea, Acetanilide and Aspirin using methanol as a solvent. Two fabrication schemes were followed i.e., solid-state grinding protocol, in which API and co-formers were mixed through vigorous grinding while in the other method separate solutions of both the components were made and mixed together. The adopted approaches offer easy fabrication protocols, no temperature maintenance requirements, no need of expensive solvents, hardly available apparatus, isolation and purification of the desired products. In addition, there is no byproducts formation, In fact, a phenomenon embracing the requirements of green synthesis. Through FTIR analysis; for API the Nsingle bondH absorption frequency was recorded at 3409.02 cm−1 and that of single bondCdouble bondO was observed at 1647.77 cm−1. These characteristics peaks of 5-FU were significantly shifted and recorded at 3499.40 cm−1 and 1649.62 cm−1 for 5-FU-Ac (3B) and 3496.39 cm−1 and 1659.30 cm−1 for 5-FU-As (4B) co-crystals for Nsingle bondH and single bondCdouble bondO groups respectively. The structural differences between API and co-crystals were further confirmed through PXRD analysis. The characteristic peak of 5-FU at 2θ = 28.79918o was significantly shifted in the graphs of co-crystals not only in position but also with respect to intensity and FWHM values. In addition, new peaks were also recorded in all the spectra of co-formers confirming the structural differences between API and co-formers. In addition, percent growth inhibition was also observed by all the co-crystals through MTT assay against HCT 116 colorectal cell lines in vitro. At four different concentrations; 25, 50, 100 and 200 µg/mL, slightly different trends of the effectiveness of API and co-crystals were observed. However; among all the co-crystal forms, 5-FU-thiourea co-crystals obtained through solution method (2B) proved to be the most effective growth inhibitor at all the four above mentioned concentrations.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal
Creators: Jubeen, F., Liaqat, A., Sultan, M., Iqbal, S.Z., Sajid, I. and Sher, F.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: December 2019
Volume: 27
Number: 8
ISSN: 1319-0164
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.jsps.2019.09.013DOI
S1319016419301288Publisher Item Identifier
1568171Other
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 27 Jul 2022 10:36
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 10:36
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46744

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