Facebook use and its predictive factors among students: evidence from a lower- and middle-income country, Bangladesh

Al-Mamun, F., Hosen, I., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Mamun, M.A., 2022. Facebook use and its predictive factors among students: evidence from a lower- and middle-income country, Bangladesh. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 13: 945802. ISSN 1664-0640

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Background: Facebook is a popular social networking site in the modern world. It has an adverse effect such as impairing daily health and psychological health and also interpersonal relationships when the use becomes problematic.

Aims: To examine problematic Facebook use (PFU) and its predictors among Bangladeshi students during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Method: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among 601 Bangladeshi students and collected data related to socio-demographic information, behavioral health, internet use behavior, depression, anxiety and problematic Facebook use [assessed using the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS)]. The data were analyzed using descriptive (frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistics (independent sample t-tests, one-way ANOVAs, correlations, and multivariable linear regression).

Results: The results indicated that 29.1% of participants were problematic Facebook users (using cutoff ≥18 out of 30). Medical college students had higher mean score on PFU than other students (p < 0.001). In addition, the mean score of PFU was significantly higher among the students who were in a relationship (p = 0.001), did not engage in physical activity (p < 0.001), used the internet more than 5 h per day (p < 0.001), used social media (p < 0.001), and had depression or anxiety symptoms (p < 0.001). PFU was significantly associated with depression and anxiety among the whole sample. Predictive factors for PFU included relationship status, daily internet use time, gaming, social media use, depression, and anxiety. The model predicted almost 33.2% variance for PFU.

Conclusions: Findings suggest interventions should be implemented for students with a special focus on medical students who had higher score of PFU than other types of students.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Creators: Al-Mamun, F., Hosen, I., Griffiths, M.D. and Mamun, M.A.
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Date: 29 July 2022
Volume: 13
ISSN: 1664-0640
Rights: © 2022 Al-Mamun, Hosen, Griffiths and Mamun. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 29 Jul 2022 14:59
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2022 14:59
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46783

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