Effect of game-based high-intensity interval training program on the executive function of children with ADHD: protocol of a randomized controlled trial

Sun, F., Chow, G.C.-C., Yu, C.C.-W., Ho, Y.-F., Liu, D., Wong, S.H.-S., Siu, P.M.-F., Cooper, S.B. ORCID: 0000-0001-5219-5020 and Jenkins, D., 2022. Effect of game-based high-intensity interval training program on the executive function of children with ADHD: protocol of a randomized controlled trial. PLoS ONE, 17 (7): e0272121.

[img]
Preview
Text
1578406_Cooper.pdf - Published version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder in childhood, with a 5%-6% worldwide prevalence. Children with ADHD often demonstrate impaired executive function, which is closely related to the development of the commonly observed behavioral problems such as inattention, impaired inhibition, and hyperactivity. The purpose of this study is to examine whether a game-based high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program can improve the executive function of children with ADHD, compared with a traditional structured aerobic exercise program and a non-treatment control group.

Methods/Design: A total of 42 children with ADHD will be recruited to participate in this three-arm school-based randomized controlled trial. An 8-week specially designed game-based HIIT (GameHIIT) program and a traditional game-based structured aerobic exercise (GameSAE) program will be delivered to those children randomly assigned to these two intervention groups, while the children in the control group will maintain their regular physical activity over the same period. A number of outcome measures including executive function, cerebral hemodynamic response, physical activity, physical fitness, and enjoyment and adherence to the intervention will be assessed for both groups at baseline (T0), immediately after the intervention period (T1), and after the follow-up period (T2).

Discussion: HIIT has recently emerged as a feasible and efficacious strategy for increasing physical health outcomes and cognitive function, including executive function, in healthy young people. However, research has yet to investigate whether the executive function of children with ADHD can be effectively enhanced through HIIT. If, as hypothesized, GameHIIT program improves outcomes for children with ADHD, the present research will inform the development of targeted exercise programs that can be more broadly used with this particular population.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Creators: Sun, F., Chow, G.C.-C., Yu, C.C.-W., Ho, Y.-F., Liu, D., Wong, S.H.-S., Siu, P.M.-F., Cooper, S.B. and Jenkins, D.
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Date: July 2022
Volume: 17
Number: 7
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1371/journal.pone.0272121DOI
1578406Other
Rights: Copyright: © 2022 Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 01 Aug 2022 13:20
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2022 13:20
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46796

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year